Warning: ftp_fget() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/phcog7/public_html/pharmacognosy.in/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 146

Warning: ftp_fget() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/phcog7/public_html/pharmacognosy.in/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 146

Warning: ftp_fget() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/phcog7/public_html/pharmacognosy.in/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-filesystem-ftpext.php on line 146
April 2011 – Page 2

Ayurvedic Medicine: The Principles of Traditional Practice

Ayurvedic Medicine brings the unique theories and traditions of Ayurveda alive so that they are accessible to the complementary health practitioner of today. This book offers a clear, accessible and yet detailed guide to Ayurvedic herbalism. It encompasses a brief history of the growth of Ayurveda , a discussion of its fundamental principles, treatment strategies as well as the energetic approach of traditional Ayurvedic herbal pharmacy and pharmacology. It also emphasizes the importance of using sustainably harvested herbs in clinical practice. The introductory “theoretical” chapters complement the core of the book that includes over 100 plant profiles of Ayurvedic herbs and 50 traditional formulas.The herbal material medica of Ayurveda is discussed, along with traditional ayurvedic energetics, in way that is accessible to the western complementary practitioner.Uniquely styled plant profiles include information on over 100 herbs and 25 formulas.The Ayurvedic theory of clinical treatment is clearly presented, as well as its application.Material represents a blend of traditional medicine with modern research, combining pure Ayurveda with modern phytotherapy and bio-medicine.Coverage of each plant includes details on growing habitat and special characteristics.Practical step-by-step instructions explain how to prepare herbal medicines in the unique Ayurvedic style – oils, creams, ghees, jams, etc.Photos are provided of both the freshly growing herbs and dried samples.Authored by an experienced Medical Herbalist, Ayurvedic practitioner, and passionate herb grower well-versed in the classical Ayurvedic texts and contemporary writings.

A General Introduction to Traditional Chinese Medicine

By : Men Jiuzhang, Guo Lei

Established by the Western Han dynasty more than 2,000 years ago, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is currently finding increased acceptance. A General Introduction to Traditional Chinese Medicine explores the thinking behind TCM, its philosophy-based theory, and its cutting-edge uses in today’s clinical practice. The book covers: Establishment and characteristics of TCM’s theory Establishment and development of TCM’s clinical system. Basic features of TCM TCM’s philosophical bases: primordial qi, yin-yang and Five Elements TCM’s medical model, method, and architecture Organized to make information easily accessible, each chapter contains: Goals & Requirements and Key Contents to enable readers to understand the core and the outline of the chapter Endnotes for readers to learn some cultural and historical information peculiar to China Glossary for readers to understand more specific information about TCM and Chinese culture Complete with chapter outlines and ancillary material, this carefully designed guide brings a time-tested practice back to the future.

Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Woman's Guide to Healing from Breast Cancer

By Nan Lu, Ellen Schaplowsky

  • Publisher: Harper Paperbacks
  • Number Of Pages: 384
  • Publication Date: 1999-09-01
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 0380809028
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9780380809028

Book Description:

Discover The Power Of Ancient WisdomFor centuries , Traditional Chinese Medicine has helped millions of cancer patients in China, specializing in reducing the risk of breast cancer and healing it by identifying and treating its root cause. Chinese medicine offers a broad range of time-tested, natural, safe, self-healing treating that can complement prevailing Western cancer treatments.

Traditional Chinese Medicine provides a nine-point healing guide that can be individually customized for women diagnosed with breast cancer; those about to undergo surgery, chemotherapy or radiation; breast cancer survivors who want to prevent recurrence, and any woman looking for serious prevention techniques. With his training, Dr. Nan Lu revives the ancient healing wisdom of traditional Chinese medicine —

Early warning signs from your bodyAncient self-healing evergy movementsHealing, strengthening foods and ancient techniques to strengthen you before surgeryHow to manage your health during chemotherapy or radiationWhy and how to create a new Traditional Chinese Medicine lifestyle that addresses the root cause of breast cancer…and much more!

Current Review of Chinese Medicine: Quality Control of Herbs And Herbal Material (Annals of Traditional Chinese Medicine)

By Ping-Chung Leung, Harry Hong Sang Fong, Charlie Changli Xue

  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Number Of Pages: 308
  • Publication Date: 2006-05-02
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 9812567070
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9789812567079
  • Binding: Hardcover

Book Description:
The Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong. Focuses on evidence-based traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. Topics include best sources of herbal supply, quality control required for research and drug development, DNA profiling, GLP requirements, and more. For clinicians and researchers.

International Collation of Traditional and Folk Medicine: Northeast Asia (International Collation of Traditional & Folk Medicine)

By Ji-Xian Guo, Takeatsu Kimura, Paul P. H. But

  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Number Of Pages: 200
  • Publication Date: 2001-07
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 9810245033
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9789810245030

Book Description:

Traditional folk medicine practices in China, Hong Kong, Japan and Korea – all located in Northeast Asia – are comparable. Since different usage of a folk medicine may reflect cultural or regional differences, a detailed collation of the folk knowledge of traditional medicine can help to identiy common applications derived from different empirical knowledge as well as variations in appreciation of the value of the same source in different cultural settings. The fourth volume of this book series continues with the objective of collating relevant information for showing the differences and similarities of traditional folk medicine practices around the world. It features 147 of the most frequently used medicinal plants, 43 animals, and 10 minerals in Northeast Asia as selected by the international editorial board. The folk medical knowledge in each entry includes the scientific names of the source, local names of the drug, special processing methods, administration methods, and applications in each country. Contraindications and side effects, if any, are highlighted. Relevant scientific data on their chemistry and pharmacology, with references, are also included. All this scientific information should be a valuable asset to medical and research scientists working on the bioactive components of natural products.

Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Policy and Public Health Perspectives

By Gerard Bodeker

  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing
  • Number Of Pages: 472
  • Publication Date: 2006-12-29
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 186094616X
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9781860946165

Book Description:

This is the first book to address public health issues in traditional, complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM). It presents state-of-the-art reviews of TCAM research in a range of priority public health areas such as malaria and HIV and in such common ailments as skin conditions and orthopedic injury in developing countries. Contributions analyze policy trends in areas such as financing of TCAM and education and training in this field as well as selected case studies of model TCAM projects. Important chapters on research methodology, ethical and safety issues, and intellectual property rights pertaining to traditional medicine are also presented.

Chinese Herbal Medicine: Modern Applications of Traditional Formulas

By Chongyun Liu, Angela Tseng, Sue Yang

  • Publisher: CRC
  • Number Of Pages: 904
  • Publication Date: 2004-07-28
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 0849315689
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9780849315688
  • Binding: Hardcover

Book Description:

A roadmap for easily navigating through the complexities of Chinese herbal medicine, Chinese Herbal Medicine: Modern Applications of Traditional Formulas presents information about herbal formulas in a practical and easy-to-access format. Bridging the gap between classroom study and the clinical setting, the book supplies information on disease symptoms and their corresponding Chinese herbal formulas. Drawing from more than 20 years of experience, the author includes more than 840 formulas that can be used to tailor herbal formulas to meet the specific needs of every patient. Integrating traditional medicine with allopathic terminology, the book provides quick reference to both Chinese and Western diagnoses. Part I provides the herbal formulas in tables, giving quick and easy access to the information. Part II contains allopathic symptoms listed in alphabetical order within each chapter. These two sections allow users to compare back and forth between TCM and allopathic diagnoses. In addition, Part III lists 640 single herbs arranged by the Traditional Chinese Medicine classification system and organized into tables so that practitioners can quickly scan for the similarities and differences of each herb. A number of cross-referenced indexes make it easy to find single herbs and herbal formulas either by their Pinyin, English, or Botanical Latin name. The wealth of information and range of topics covered combined with the straightforward presentation make the book a useful clinical desktop reference and guide for practitioners and students.

The Alkaloids: Chemistry and pharmacology volume 26

by: Arnold Brossi

Part of a monographic series on alkaloids providing coverage of the expanding field of the chemotaxonomy, structure elucidation, synthesis, biosynthesis and biology of all classes of alkaloids from higher and lower plants and marine-origin or various terrestrial animals, this volume deals with plant biotechmology and how to get alkaloids from mushrooms.

Lead Molecules from Natural Products, Volume 2: Discovery and New Trends (Advances in Phytomedicine)

by: Mahmud Tareq Hassan Khan, Arjumand Ather

Lead Molecules from Natural Products: Discovery and New Trends provides the reader with a thorough overview of current discoveries and trends in Natural Products research. This book consists of 22 chapters from well known scientists all over the world, with topics ranging from Natural Product Chemistry and Phytochemistry in their most basic form, to Molecular Biology and in silico drug design. Contributors describe their own laboratory experiences, revealing their findings, the legal issues encountered.The chapters, all of equally high quality, summarize years of extensive research in each area, and provide insight in the new themes of natural product research. The information will help to predict promising leads, useful for physicians in the treatment of different diseases and disease manifestations. * Explains the effects of plant extracts on gene expression profiling. * Details medicinal plant research from around the world* Explores a variety of medicinal uses of plants from traditional remedies, to anti-cancer agents and anti-salmonella agents.

Evolution of Metabolic Pathways, Volume 34 (Recent Advances in Phytochemistry)

by: R. Ibrahim, L. Varin, V. De Luca, John Romeo

The past decade has seen major advances in the cloning of genes encoding enzymes of plant secondary metabolism. This has been further enhanced by the recent project on the sequencing of the Arabidopsis genome. These developments provide the molecular genetic basis to address the question of the Evolution of Metabolic Pathways. This volume provides in-depth reviews of our current knowledge on the evolutionary origin of plant secondary metabolites and the enzymes involved in their biosynthesis. The chapters cover five major topics: 1. Role of secondary metabolites in evolution; 2. Evolutionary origins of polyketides and terpenes; 3. Roles of oxidative reactions in the evolution of secondary metabolism; 4. Evolutionary origin of substitution reactions: acylation, glycosylation and methylation; and 5. Biochemistry and molecular biology of brassinosteroids.

Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants – Industrial Profiles)

by: Raimo Hiltunen, Yvonne Holm

Ocimum is an important medicinal plant with uses in food, perfume and therapeutics. This comprehensive book covers all aspects of the botany, phytochemistry, food uses, medicinal uses, pharmacology, cultivation and quality assurance, as well as the economic issues related to this medicinal plant Ocimum and similar genera.In spite of numerous reports on pharmacological activities the main use of Ocimum plants is as aromatic plants and when used in foodstuffs it may have some antioxidative effect. It will be of interest to everybody involved in medicinal and aromatic plant research or related fields.

Lavender: The Genus Lavandula (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants – Industrial Profiles, Volume 29)

by:  Maria Lis-Balchin

Lavandula species are mainly grown for their essential oils, which are used in perfumery, cosmetics, food processing and aromatherapy products, and for their use as ornamental plants and ingredients in numerous cottage industry products. Certain types of lavender oil have also been shown to have antimicrobial and antifungal properties. The dried flowers have been used for centuries in pillows and sachets to promote sleep and relaxation, and oil of spike lavender is used as an insect repellent. Lavender: The Genus Lavandula is a comprehensive volume covering all aspects of our current knowledge of lavender, including:
* taxonomy, and history of usage and nomenclature
* lavender cultivation for essential oil production and retail purposes in different countries
* phytochemistry of the genus
* chemistry of Lavandula oils
* theory and practice of distillation and standardization of lavender essential oils
* pharmacology and therapeutic properties of lavender oil and Lavandula extracts
* use of lavender oil in aromatherapy, perfumery, cosmetics, food processing and medicine
* new research into Lavandula species and their oils With contributions from lavender researchers worldwide, this book will be of interest both to graduate students and scientists in academia and industry who are involved with lavender, to professionals in the lavender growing and retail industry, the perfumery, food and cosmetics industries, and to those interested in lavender for alternative and conventional medical use.

(more…)

Geranium and Pelargonium: History of Nomenclature, Usage and Cultivation (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants – Industrial Profiles)

Confusion about the genera Geranium and Pelargonium existed even before Linnaeus’ binomial system of classification bundled both into the former category in 1753. Despite later evaluations that separated the two, many practitioners of alternative medicine and aromatherapists, among others, remain unaware of the distinction. Laymen and plant sales personnel are often equally in the dark – the majority of garden center ‘geraniums’ are Pelargonium species and cultivars. This work aims to dispel myths and peel away layers of incorrect and muddled information which contribute to the unclear image of the genera. Geranium and Pelargonium: History of Nomenclature, Usage and Cultivation features discussion and new information on some of the following areas:* taxonomy and history of usage and nomenclature * cultivation for essential oil production and retail purposes in different countries * phytochemistry of the genera * chemistry of Geranium and Pelargonium oils * theory and practice of distillation of Geranium and Pelargonium oils * pharmacology an therapeutic properties of Geranium and Pelargonium oils and extracts * use of Geranium and Pelargonium products in aromatherapy, perfumery, cosmetics, food processing and medicine * new research into Geranium and Pelargonium This book will be of interest to graduate students, scientists and professionals in the Geranium and Pelargonium growing and retail industry, the perfumery, food and cosmetics industries, and to those interested in Geranium and Pelargonium for alternative and conventional medical use.

Figs: The Genus Ficus (Traditional Herbal Medicines for Modern Times)

By Ephraim Philip Lansky, Helena Maaria Paavilainen

  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Number Of Pages: 415
  • Publication Date: 2010-07-26
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 1420089668
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9781420089660

Description:

With a history as ancient as any cultivated fruit, many believe the fig has been with us even longer than the pomegranate. The Ficus constitutes one of the largest and hardiest genera of flowering plants featuring as many as 750 species. Although the extraordinary mutualism between figs and their pollinating wasps has received much attention, the phylogeny of both partners is only beginning to be reconstructed. The fig plant does have a long history of traditional use as a medicine and has been a subject of significant modern research.

Figs, the Genus Ficus brings together those histories, ancient and modern, to present an extraordinary profile of an extraordinary plant with an abundance of medical uses and a reputation as both a delicacy and a diet staple in some regions of the world. Several chapters within the book are devoted to intensive study of different parts of the tree: fruits, leaves, bark and stem, roots, and latex. These chapters discuss the Ficus genus as a whole, including the botany of the most important species that have been related to that particular part pharmacologically.

(more…)

Turmeric: The genus Curcuma (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants – Industrial Profiles, Volume 45)

by:  P. N. Ravindran, K. Nirmal Babu, K. Sivaraman

Description :

For the last 6000 years turmeric has been used in Ayurvedic medicine to alleviate pain, balance digestion, purify body and mind, clear skin diseases, expel phlegm, and invigorate the blood. Nowadays, this plant has acquired great importance with its anti-aging, anti-cancer, anti-Altzheimer, antioxidant, and a variety of other medicinal properties. The need of the hour is to verify and validate the traditional uses by subjecting them to proper experimental studies. To do this effectively there needs to be a single comprehensive source of the knowledge to date.
(more…)

Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History

by:  Lena Struwe, Victor A. Albert

A comprehensive review containing the first classification of the entire family to be published for over 100 years.

This volume provides a comprehensive review of the family, Gentianaceae, covering phylogeny, classification, biogeography, palynology, phytochemistry, and morphology, and also presents the first classification of the entire family to be published for over 100 years, generated using modern molecular- and morphology-based phylogenetic data. The volume places the Gentianaceae in context with its relatives in the order Gentianales and subclass Asteridae; presents an updated, phylogenetic classification of tribes, subtribes, and genera; investigates the corroborative value of morphological features in phylogenetic diagnoses; and comprehensively summarizes palynology, seed morphology, and phytochemistry.

(more…)

Piper: A Model Genus for Studies of Phytochemistry, Ecology, and Evolution

by:  Lee A. Dyer, Aparna Palmer

Description :

Piper is an economically and ecologically important genus of plant that includes a fascinating array of species for studying natural history, natural products chemistry, community ecology, and evolutionary biology. The diversification of this taxon is unique and of great importance in understanding the evolution of plants. The diversity and ecological relevance of this genus makes it an obvious candidate for ecological and evolutionary studies, but surprisingly, most research on Piper spp. to-date has focused on the more economically important plants P. nigrum (black pepper), P. methysticum (kava), and P. betle (betel leaf). While this book does address the applied techniques of studying Piper, its focus is more on Piper in its natural setting. Piper: A Model Genus for Studies of Phytochemistry, Ecology, and Evolution synthesizes existing data and provides an outline for future investigations of the chemistry, ecology, and evolution of this taxon, while examining its key themes of Piper as a model genus for ecological and evolutionary studies, the important ecological roles of Piper species in lowland wet forests, and the evolution of distinctive Piper attributes. This volume has a place in the libraries of those studying or working in the fields of ecology, evolutionary biology, natural products chemistry, invasive species biology, pharmaceutics, and ethnobotany.

Piper: A Model Genus for Studies of Phytochemistry, Ecology, and Evolution

by: Lee A. Dyer, Aparna Palmer

HPTLC: High-Performance Thin-Layer Chromatography

The present edited book is the presentation of 18 in-depth national and international contributions from eminent professors, scientists and instrumental chemists from educational institutes, research organizations and industries providing their views on their experience, handling, observation and research outputs on HPTLC, a multi-dimensional instrumentation. The book describes the recent advancements made on TLC which have revolutionized and transformed it into a modern instrumental technique HPTLC. The book addresses different chapters on HPTLC fundamentals: principle, theory, understanding; instrumentation: implementation, optimization, validation, automation and qualitative and quantitative analysis; applications: phytochemical analysis, biomedical analysis, herbal drug quantification, analytical analysis, finger print analysis and potential for hyphenation: HPTLC future to combinatorial approach, HPTLC-MS, HPTLC-FTIR and HPTLC-Scanning Diode Laser. The chapters in the book have been designed in such a way that the reader follows each step of the HPTLC in logical order.

Search
Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Search in posts
Search in pages
Archives
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
2627282930  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031    
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
       
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930    
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
2930     
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272829 
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031    
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
2930     
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728   
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728    
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031    
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
2627282930  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031    
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728     
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930    
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
2627282930  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031    
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
29      
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930    
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
2930     
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
232425262728 
       
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930    
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
2425262728  
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031    
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
2930     
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728   
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
2627282930  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031    
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829    
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930    
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
2627282930  
       
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031    
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
       
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930   
       
      1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930 
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031   
       
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28      
       
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
       
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031