The diversity of plant species in Chinais extraordinary. With an area almost exactly that of the continental United States, China has nearly twice as many plant species, about 31,000 or one-eighth of the world’s total, versus only about 20,000 for the U.S.A. and Canada combined. This number includes about 8,000 species of medicinal and economically important plants and about 7,500 species of trees and shrubs.The Flora of China will describe and otherwise document these species. The Flora of China is a new work, being an English-language revision of the Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae (FRPS), with taxonomy reflecting the current understanding of each group. The sequence of families is a modified Englerian system, similar to that used in FRPS; however, the circumscription of some families reflects the present understanding of the groups. All of the vascular plants of China will be covered, including brief descriptions, identification keys, essential synonymy, phenology, provincial distribution in China, brief statements on extra-Chinese distribution, and remarks regarding the circumscription of problematic taxa. (more…)
Our web tools can benefit you and your projects. Teachers can design hands-on ecological research projects for the schoolyard or local park without killing specimens. Park managers can track migrations of invasive species. Scientists can map large collections and present information about species. Amateur naturalists can upload images and make a life list of species they find. Environmental educators can build online field guides so simple they can be used even by the youngest beginner.
Everyone can benefit in some way from a partnership with Discover Life. With our powerful integrated web tools, you can:
Keep a life list – store your photographic (or video/audio) records of natural history. It’s your own electronic nature journal – this is a service somewhat like Flickr or Picasa web albums, but linked to species information, map data and more. You can keep thousands of photographs and other data on our site for free, and store associated information as well. To see examples of stored photographs, click here.
Map species you find – every time you enter locality data to one of your photo records, it will instantly map as a point on the Global Mapper. This works similarly to Google Earth, but our mapper is capable of mapping many more points, each of them attached to an individual record of species occurrence. (more…)
Super Natural II, a database of natural products. It contains 325,508 natural compounds (NCs), including information about the corresponding 2d structures, physicochemical properties, predicted toxicity class and potential vendors. Natural products are small compounds synthesized by living organisms. The chemical diversity of these molecules is tremendous and offers inspiration for innovations in medicine, nutrition, agrochemical research and life sciences. Most of the currently used cosmetics and drugs are either natural products or close derivatives thereof.
Department of Pharmacognosy has several areas of specialization such as Phytochemistry, Natural Products Synthesis, Biotechnology and Cell Culture, Marine Natural Product Chemistry, Standardization of Herbs and Herbarium. Academic staff have expertise in each area. The area of Phytochemistry focuses on the studies of chemical constituents from plants by isolation, purification and structure elucidation of the isolated products. Primary biological activity screening of promising crude extracts and/or pure compounds are also of interest. The area of Marine Natural Product Chemistry studies the isolation, purification, structure elucidation, chemical structure modification and bioactivity screening of new bioactive constituents from Thai marine organisms, such as sponges, soft corals. gorgonians, tunicates and bryozoa, marine microalgae and microorganisms. DNA fingerprinting of medicinal plants is another area of interest. We employ several molecular techniques such as RAPD, AFLP, RFLP, PCR-RFLP, and sequencing for generating markers for authentication of medicinal herbs and crude drugs. We have several equipped laboratories with facilities. (more…)
The rich and varied Harvard University botanical collections trace back to the activities of Asa Gray, who came to Harvard in 1842. Gray arrived at a particularly opportune time in American botanical history. Private collectors accompanying various survey expeditions in the expanding American West were sending back an abundance of specimens to scholars in the East. Gray, who had been collaborating with John Torrey in New York on a Flora of North America, was the ideal person to receive, describe and catalogue them, many of which proved new to science. At the same time Gray used duplicates from those collections to exchange with his colleagues in other parts of the world, who themselves were reaping the fruits of an expanding period of exploration in the Old World. The results of those efforts, which continue to this day, have resulted in a collection cosmopolitan in scope, unique in much of its representation and, with well over five million specimens, among the largest in the world. (more…)
The Journal of Asian Natural Products Research (JANPR) deals with chemical and pharmaceutical studies in the field of natural product research on Asian ethnic medicine and publishes work from scientists in Asian countries, e.g. China, Japan, Korea and India, including contributions from other countries concerning natural products of Asia.
The journal is chemistry-orientated and the major fields covered are:
- Isolation and structural elucidation of natural constituents (including those for non-medical uses)
- Synthesis and structural transformation (including biosynthesis and biotransformation) of natural products
- Bioactivity of pure compounds and their derivatives
- Biological evaluations of crude extracts are acceptable only as supporting data for pure isolates with well-characterized structures
The journal has been indexed by Science Citation Index-Expanded since 1998, with a 2015 Impact Factor of 1.009 (©2016 Thomson Reuters, 2016 Journal Citation Reports®). The journal is also indexed or abstracted by Chemical Abstract, Chemical Citation Index, Research Alert, etc.
This site is part of a public education project created by Mike Adams, the Health Ranger, and hosted by Truth Publishing. Its purpose is to educate and empower consumers with information they can use to prevent and even help reverse degenerative disease. There are no commercial sponsors of this site, and neither Mike Adams nor Truth Publishing was paid anything to create this site.
Nature’s foods contain powerful medicine in the form of phytonutrients, and knowing how to use those natural medicines empowers people with the information they need to be healthier, happier and free from the ravages of chronic disease. (more…)
Aims & Scope
Current Traditional Medicine covers all the aspects of the modernization and standardization research on traditional medicine of the world, e.g. chemistry, pharmacology, molecular mechanism, systems biology, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, safety, quality control, clinical studies of traditional Chinese, Ayurvedic, Unani, Arabic and other ethnomedicine. Each issue contains updated comprehensive in-depth reviews along with high quality original experimental research articles. Current Traditional Medicine is a leading and important international peer-reviewed journal reflecting the current outstanding scientific research progresses of the global traditional, indigenous, folk and ethnologic medicine. It provides a bridge connected the tradition medicine system to the modern life science with the efforts of top scientists, as well as a resource to pursuit the solutions for the existing common issues in the traditional medicine.
The Research Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry comprises 19 academic staff and 7 support staff, and has a long and highly successful track record of research in Medicinal Chemistry, Molecular Neuroscience and Pharmacognosy. Chemistry is a core component of the Masters in Pharmacy professional degree with teaching across all four years of the course. Additionally, the Department offers three taught postgraduate Masters in Science courses namely Drug Discovery, Drug Discovery and Pharma Management and Pharmacognosy and a Masters by Research (MRes) in any of the research disciplines of the Department. (more…)
The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) was founded in the 17th century as a physic garden, growing medicinal plants. This first Garden was in St Anne’s Yard, part of the Holyrood Palace grounds, and occupied an area the size of a tennis court.
RBGE now extends to four sites – Edinburgh, Benmore (near Dunoon in Argyll), Dawyck (near Peebles in the Borders) and Logan (near Stranraer in Galloway), and is the second richest collection of plant species in the world.
Since the 19th century it has received public funding, and it is now sponsored by the Scottish Government’s Environment and Forestry Directorate (ENFOR). The Garden’s remit and mission is rooted in the National Heritage (Scotland) Act 1985. (more…)
The Institute of Biology Leiden (IBL) is an internationally oriented institute for research and education in biology. We are part of the Faculty of Science at Leiden University.
Our aim is to perform top quality innovative fundamental and strategic research that will lead to scientific progress, contribute to solutions for societal challenges, and generate industrial opportunities, reflected in our general theme ‘Healthy Lives in a Changing World’.
The Institute is organized in three multidisciplinary clusters: Animal Sciences & Health, Plant Sciences & Natural Products and Microbial Biotechnology & Health. Our research within these clusters covers disciplines like molecular biology and genetics, cell biology, developmental biology, physiology, evolutionary biology, behavioral biology, microbiology, biotechnology, plant ecology. Our BSc and MScteaching programmes are closely linked to on-going research projects and allow students to fully exploit our scientific strengths. (more…)
This comprehensive textbook primarily aims at fulfilling the syllabus requirements of B. Pharm. students. It is specifically designed to impart knowledge about the alternative systems of medicine and modern pharmacognosy. Additionally, it will also serve as a valuable information resource to other health sciences students and researchers working in the field of herbal technology.
Table of Contents:
Part 1: Introduction to Pharmacognosy
- History, Definition and Scope of Pharmacognosy
- Alternative Systems of Medicine
- Classification of Drugs of Natural Origin
Part 2: Pharmaceutical Botany
- Morphology of Different Plant Parts
- Study of Different Families
Part 3: Cultivation, Collection, Production and Utilization of Herbal Drugs
- Cultivation, Collection and Processing of Herbal Drugs
- Indian Trade in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
- Utilization of Aromatic Plants and Derived Products
- Role of Medicinal Plants in National Economy
PASMet (Prediction, Analysis and Simulation of Metabolic reaction networks) is a user-friendly web-based platform for predicting, modelling, and analysing metabolic systems. It provides an interface for accessing various computational algorithms allowing users to easily work in computational biology.
Chem-TCM database gathers 12070 chemical records, constituents of approximately 350 herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine. There are over 9,500 unique molecular records adjusted for overlapping presence in multiple plants and different stereochemistry. Chem-TCM has four parts: chemical identification, botanical information, predicted activity against common Western therapeutic targets, and estimated molecular activity according to traditional Chinese herbal medicine categories. Chemical information Chemical information lists calculated chemical-physical properties, chirality, name, InChI Key, Registry Number, pharmacology (where known), molecular scaffold type and natural product class. There are 10 major phytochemical classes: aliphatics, alkaloids, simple phenolics, lignans, quinones, polyphenols (flavonoids and tannins), and mono-, sesqui-, di-, and triterpenes (including sterols). The distribution of these classes in relation to traditional Chinese medicine profile is delineated with SOM-Ward clustering. (more…)
International Journal of Phytotherapy and Ethnobotany ISSN 4536-1835 is a peer-reviewed open access journal devoted to reporting the latest advances in phytotherapy and ethnobotany. The goal of this journal is to provide a viable platform for scientists and researchers all over the world to promote, share, and discuss novel issues and perspectives in diverse areas of phytotherapy and ethnobotany and to keep track of the most recent methodological and theoretical developments in the discipline. All submissions are blind reviewed and those accepted are published online either immediately or at the earliest opportunity.
IJPE is an open access journal. Abstracts and full texts of all articles published in the journal can be read online without any form of restriction. (more…)
- Provides microscopic descriptions of the major botanicals used in herbal products
- Includes descriptions based on authenticated materials and multiple samples of each species
- Discusses the microscopic anatomy of plant parts used, whole and powdered, for each species
- Contains line drawings, microphoto images, and more than 1000 color illustrations
- Supplies a guide to microscopy resources
Winner of the James A. Duke Award for Excellence in Botanical Literature Award from the American Botanical Council
Compiled by the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia®, this volume addresses the lack of authoritative microscopic descriptions of those medicinal plant species currently in trade. It includes an atlas providing detailed text and graphic descriptions of more than 140 medicinal plant species and their adulterants. (more…)
When man was in need of healing procedures for diseases and accidents, came to natural products as the main source to solve the problem, due to he did not know the current chemicals.
It was therefore necessary to classify medicinal plants according to the type of ailment and the objectives it was intended.
This practice was associated with early plant domestication techniques but played an important collection which even today is practiced by farmers.
Phytotherapy (herbal therapy) has its origins in the beginning of humanity and belongs to the field of medicine.
The first manifestation of its utilization was in the magic rituals as complement for the treatment of some discomfort.
Early experience with herbal treatments were reflected in ancient herbariums at the time of the Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians and Phoenicians. The Ebers Papyrus collected 700 plants.
The oldest of these practices is the Chinese one, with more than 10 000 years, but were the Greeks and Romans who undertook the systematic study of medicinal plants.
Let´s start this Pharmacognosy´s course by defining some necessary terms for understanding.
Aims and Scope
is devoted to the publication of original articles concerning the development, improvement, validation and/or extension of application of analytical methodology in the plant sciences. The spectrum of coverage is broad, encompassing methods and techniques relevant to the detection (including bio-screening), extraction, separation, purification, identification and quantification of compounds in plant biochemistry, plant cellular and molecular biology, plant biotechnology, the food sciences, agriculture and horticulture. The Journal publishes papers describing significant novelty in the analysis of whole plants (including algae), plant cells, tissues and organs, plant-derived extracts and plant products (including those which have been partially or completely refined for use in the food, agrochemical, pharmaceutical and related industries). All forms of physical, chemical, biochemical, spectroscopic, radiometric, electrometric, chromatographic, metabolomic and chemometric investigations of plant products (monomeric species as well as polymeric molecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates) are included within the remit of the Journal. Papers dealing with novel methods relating to areas such as data handling/ data mining in plant sciences will also be welcomed. (more…)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research papers, critical reviews and communications on the latest developments in the pharmaceutical sciences with strong emphasis on originality and scientific quality. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology (JPB) is an online journal, publishing original scientific research in all fields of pharmacy. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research work that contributes significantly to further the scientific knowledge in pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences (Pharmaceutics, Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Pharmacognosy, Natural Product Research, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Interest). Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research work either as a Full Research Paper or as a Short Communication. The primary criteria for acceptance and publication are scientific rigor and potential to advance the field. It is essential that authors prepare their manuscripts according to established specifications. Failure to follow them may result in papers being delayed or rejected. Therefore, contributors are strongly encouraged to read these instructions carefully before preparing a manuscript for submission. The manuscripts should be checked carefully for grammatical errors. All papers are subjected to peer review. (more…)
MNPS was formed as a spin off from the ASOMPS VIII activity, which was successfully held in Melaka in 1994. It was first announced during the Symposium, and Dr. J. R. Cannon was the first and only recipient of its Gold Medal Award, as a gesture of recognition for his enormous contribution to the development of natural products research in Southeast Asia. It was anticipated that it is through this society that the voice of the members can be brought forth as one, to the center-stage and to be heard by the policy makers for the sake of the advancement of its members as well as the science and technology status in the country. The science, and in particularly Chemistry in Malaysia then was at infancy. The main reason to form the society (MNPS) was to create interest and awareness in NP research among the local scientists, and use it as the foundation to developing other research areas such as organic synthesis, analytical methodology and medicinal chemistry as well as other associated sciences. At the same time MNPS encouraged multidisciplinary collaborative research among the local scientists utilizing its Annual Meetings as the platform to initiate interaction between them. (more…)