The Research Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry comprises 19 academic staff and 7 support staff, and has a long and highly successful track record of research in Medicinal Chemistry, Molecular Neuroscience and Pharmacognosy. Chemistry is a core component of the Masters in Pharmacy professional degree with teaching across all four years of the course. Additionally, the Department offers three taught postgraduate Masters in Science courses namely Drug Discovery, Drug Discovery and Pharma Management and Pharmacognosy and a Masters by Research (MRes) in any of the research disciplines of the Department. (more…)
The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) was founded in the 17th century as a physic garden, growing medicinal plants. This first Garden was in St Anne’s Yard, part of the Holyrood Palace grounds, and occupied an area the size of a tennis court.
RBGE now extends to four sites – Edinburgh, Benmore (near Dunoon in Argyll), Dawyck (near Peebles in the Borders) and Logan (near Stranraer in Galloway), and is the second richest collection of plant species in the world.
Since the 19th century it has received public funding, and it is now sponsored by the Scottish Government’s Environment and Forestry Directorate (ENFOR). The Garden’s remit and mission is rooted in the National Heritage (Scotland) Act 1985. (more…)
The Institute of Biology Leiden (IBL) is an internationally oriented institute for research and education in biology. We are part of the Faculty of Science at Leiden University.
Our aim is to perform top quality innovative fundamental and strategic research that will lead to scientific progress, contribute to solutions for societal challenges, and generate industrial opportunities, reflected in our general theme ‘Healthy Lives in a Changing World’.
The Institute is organized in three multidisciplinary clusters: Animal Sciences & Health, Plant Sciences & Natural Products and Microbial Biotechnology & Health. Our research within these clusters covers disciplines like molecular biology and genetics, cell biology, developmental biology, physiology, evolutionary biology, behavioral biology, microbiology, biotechnology, plant ecology. Our BSc and MScteaching programmes are closely linked to on-going research projects and allow students to fully exploit our scientific strengths. (more…)
This comprehensive textbook primarily aims at fulfilling the syllabus requirements of B. Pharm. students. It is specifically designed to impart knowledge about the alternative systems of medicine and modern pharmacognosy. Additionally, it will also serve as a valuable information resource to other health sciences students and researchers working in the field of herbal technology.
Table of Contents:
Part 1: Introduction to Pharmacognosy
- History, Definition and Scope of Pharmacognosy
- Alternative Systems of Medicine
- Classification of Drugs of Natural Origin
Part 2: Pharmaceutical Botany
- Morphology of Different Plant Parts
- Study of Different Families
Part 3: Cultivation, Collection, Production and Utilization of Herbal Drugs
- Cultivation, Collection and Processing of Herbal Drugs
- Indian Trade in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
- Utilization of Aromatic Plants and Derived Products
- Role of Medicinal Plants in National Economy
PASMet (Prediction, Analysis and Simulation of Metabolic reaction networks) is a user-friendly web-based platform for predicting, modelling, and analysing metabolic systems. It provides an interface for accessing various computational algorithms allowing users to easily work in computational biology.
Chem-TCM database gathers 12070 chemical records, constituents of approximately 350 herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine. There are over 9,500 unique molecular records adjusted for overlapping presence in multiple plants and different stereochemistry. Chem-TCM has four parts: chemical identification, botanical information, predicted activity against common Western therapeutic targets, and estimated molecular activity according to traditional Chinese herbal medicine categories. Chemical information Chemical information lists calculated chemical-physical properties, chirality, name, InChI Key, Registry Number, pharmacology (where known), molecular scaffold type and natural product class. There are 10 major phytochemical classes: aliphatics, alkaloids, simple phenolics, lignans, quinones, polyphenols (flavonoids and tannins), and mono-, sesqui-, di-, and triterpenes (including sterols). The distribution of these classes in relation to traditional Chinese medicine profile is delineated with SOM-Ward clustering. (more…)
International Journal of Phytotherapy and Ethnobotany ISSN 4536-1835 is a peer-reviewed open access journal devoted to reporting the latest advances in phytotherapy and ethnobotany. The goal of this journal is to provide a viable platform for scientists and researchers all over the world to promote, share, and discuss novel issues and perspectives in diverse areas of phytotherapy and ethnobotany and to keep track of the most recent methodological and theoretical developments in the discipline. All submissions are blind reviewed and those accepted are published online either immediately or at the earliest opportunity.
IJPE is an open access journal. Abstracts and full texts of all articles published in the journal can be read online without any form of restriction. (more…)
- Provides microscopic descriptions of the major botanicals used in herbal products
- Includes descriptions based on authenticated materials and multiple samples of each species
- Discusses the microscopic anatomy of plant parts used, whole and powdered, for each species
- Contains line drawings, microphoto images, and more than 1000 color illustrations
- Supplies a guide to microscopy resources
Winner of the James A. Duke Award for Excellence in Botanical Literature Award from the American Botanical Council
Compiled by the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia®, this volume addresses the lack of authoritative microscopic descriptions of those medicinal plant species currently in trade. It includes an atlas providing detailed text and graphic descriptions of more than 140 medicinal plant species and their adulterants. (more…)
When man was in need of healing procedures for diseases and accidents, came to natural products as the main source to solve the problem, due to he did not know the current chemicals.
It was therefore necessary to classify medicinal plants according to the type of ailment and the objectives it was intended.
This practice was associated with early plant domestication techniques but played an important collection which even today is practiced by farmers.
Phytotherapy (herbal therapy) has its origins in the beginning of humanity and belongs to the field of medicine.
The first manifestation of its utilization was in the magic rituals as complement for the treatment of some discomfort.
Early experience with herbal treatments were reflected in ancient herbariums at the time of the Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians and Phoenicians. The Ebers Papyrus collected 700 plants.
The oldest of these practices is the Chinese one, with more than 10 000 years, but were the Greeks and Romans who undertook the systematic study of medicinal plants.
Let´s start this Pharmacognosy´s course by defining some necessary terms for understanding.
Aims and Scope
is devoted to the publication of original articles concerning the development, improvement, validation and/or extension of application of analytical methodology in the plant sciences. The spectrum of coverage is broad, encompassing methods and techniques relevant to the detection (including bio-screening), extraction, separation, purification, identification and quantification of compounds in plant biochemistry, plant cellular and molecular biology, plant biotechnology, the food sciences, agriculture and horticulture. The Journal publishes papers describing significant novelty in the analysis of whole plants (including algae), plant cells, tissues and organs, plant-derived extracts and plant products (including those which have been partially or completely refined for use in the food, agrochemical, pharmaceutical and related industries). All forms of physical, chemical, biochemical, spectroscopic, radiometric, electrometric, chromatographic, metabolomic and chemometric investigations of plant products (monomeric species as well as polymeric molecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates) are included within the remit of the Journal. Papers dealing with novel methods relating to areas such as data handling/ data mining in plant sciences will also be welcomed. (more…)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research papers, critical reviews and communications on the latest developments in the pharmaceutical sciences with strong emphasis on originality and scientific quality. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology (JPB) is an online journal, publishing original scientific research in all fields of pharmacy. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research work that contributes significantly to further the scientific knowledge in pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences (Pharmaceutics, Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Pharmacognosy, Natural Product Research, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Interest). Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research work either as a Full Research Paper or as a Short Communication. The primary criteria for acceptance and publication are scientific rigor and potential to advance the field. It is essential that authors prepare their manuscripts according to established specifications. Failure to follow them may result in papers being delayed or rejected. Therefore, contributors are strongly encouraged to read these instructions carefully before preparing a manuscript for submission. The manuscripts should be checked carefully for grammatical errors. All papers are subjected to peer review. (more…)
MNPS was formed as a spin off from the ASOMPS VIII activity, which was successfully held in Melaka in 1994. It was first announced during the Symposium, and Dr. J. R. Cannon was the first and only recipient of its Gold Medal Award, as a gesture of recognition for his enormous contribution to the development of natural products research in Southeast Asia. It was anticipated that it is through this society that the voice of the members can be brought forth as one, to the center-stage and to be heard by the policy makers for the sake of the advancement of its members as well as the science and technology status in the country. The science, and in particularly Chemistry in Malaysia then was at infancy. The main reason to form the society (MNPS) was to create interest and awareness in NP research among the local scientists, and use it as the foundation to developing other research areas such as organic synthesis, analytical methodology and medicinal chemistry as well as other associated sciences. At the same time MNPS encouraged multidisciplinary collaborative research among the local scientists utilizing its Annual Meetings as the platform to initiate interaction between them. (more…)
Pharmacognosy is a branch of pharmaceutical sciences which focuses on drugs of herbal and natural origin. Although pharmacognosy mostly deals with medicinal herbs, some animal products, marine materials and fungal and bacterial products are also discussed in pharmacognosy. There is a close relationship between pharmacognosy, botany and phytochemistry. Like many other fields of science, pharmacognosy has gone through variations in recent years; however, it is in close collaboration with many fields of science and is one of the bases of pharmacy.
Pharmacognostic studies include phytopharmaceutical investigations (raw materials for herbal products), biological evaluations of natural products, phytotherapy (healing effects of medicinal plants), phytochemistry (extraction, isolation and structure determination of natural compounds), plant cell culture, biochemical conversions and evaluating the biosynthesis pathways. (more…)
Natural products offer a vast and virtually unlimited source of new agents for both the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. The National Center for Natural Products Research (NCNPR) was created to bring together an alliance of academia, government, and the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries to integrate research, development, and commercialization of potentially useful natural products. It is the nation’s only university-affiliated research center devoted to improving human health and agricultural productivity through the discovery, development, and commercialization of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals derived from natural products.
The NCNPR conducts basic and applied multidisciplinary research to discover and develop natural products for use as pharmaceuticals, dietary supplements and agrochemicals, and to understand the biological and chemical properties of medicinal plants. Research is also conducted on medicinal plants so that they may be developed as crops for U.S. farmers. Building on a strong foundation and history of excellence in natural products research within the Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences in the School of Pharmacy at the University of Mississippi, NCNPR programs involve the faculty of the departments of biomolecular sciences, pharmaceutics and drug delivery, pharmacy administration and pharmacy practice.
The Faculty of Pharmacy and Drug manufacturing – Pharos University-, as a teaching and research institution, aims to achieve a distinguished and leading position among local and international counterparts and to be a leader in development of pharmacy career with outstanding services to community and environs.
The Department Of Pharmacognosy Of Medicinal Plants Deals with topics related to plants and drugs of natural resources concerning their morphology , histology , chemical constituents and uses .
Moreover, the department concerns with study of some poisonous plants and narcotics .
Url : http://www.pua.edu.eg
NAPRALERT® is a relational database of all natural products, including ethnomedical information, pharmacological / biochemical information of extracts of organisms in vitro, in situ, in vivo, in humans (case reports, non-clinical trials) and clinical studies. Similar information is available for secondary metabolites from natural sources.
In 1975 the system began a systematic search of the literature by examining every journal pertinent to natural products in our UIC Health Science Library, as well as viewing the Table of Contents of a large number of journals from the Internet on a regular (monthly) basis. These journals were selected from a list of journals that historically we knew contained pertinent data for the system. In addition pertinent sections of Chemical Abstracts, particularly the Biochemistry Section, were examined for articles not found in our Library sources and original articles were obtained via Interlibrary Loans. We are fortunate also to have many foreign journals in which articles are rarely found through the aforementioned sources.
To date more than 200,000 scientific papers and reviews are included in NAPRALERT, representing organisms from all countries of the world, including marine organisms, including the geographic origin from where the organisms were obtained. (more…)
Super Natural II, a database of natural products. It contains 325,508 natural compounds (NCs), including information about the corresponding 2d structures, physicochemical properties, predicted toxicity class and potential vendors. Natural products are small compounds synthesized by living organisms. The chemical diversity of these molecules is tremendous and offers inspiration for innovations in medicine, nutrition, agrochemical research and life sciences. Most of the currently used cosmetics and drugs are either natural products or close derivatives thereof.
The Universal Natural Products Database (UNPD) was designed to be a comprehensive resource of natural products for virtual screening. UNPD comprises 229358 molecules in the current version and their identification information (chemical name, CAS registry number, molecular formula, molecular weight, international chemical identifier and simplified molecular input line entry specification) and molecular properties (AlogP, Number of Hydrogen Bond Acceptor, Number of Hydrogen Bond Donors, ). All 3D structures (sdf and mol2 format) were optimized in the MMFF94 force field and can be freely accessed
The Chapman & Hall/CRC Chemical Database is a structured database holding information on chemical substances. It includes descriptive and numerical data on chemical, physical and biological properties of compounds; systematic and common names of compounds; literature references; structure diagrams and their associated connection tables. The Dictionary of Natural Products Online is a subset of this database and includes all compounds contained in the Dictionary of Natural Products (Main Work and Supplements).
The Dictionary of Natural Products (DNP) is the only comprehensive and fully-edited database on natural products. It arose as a daughter product of the well-known Dictionary of Organic Compounds (DOC) which, since its inception in the 1930s has, through successive editions, always been a leading source of natural product information.
In the early 1980s, following the publication of the Fifth Edition of DOC, the first to be founded on database methods, the Editors and contributors for the various classes of natural products embarked on a programme of enlargement, rationalisation and classification of the natural product entries, while at the same time keeping the coverage up-to-date. In 1992 the results of this major project, which had grown to match DOC in size, were separately published in both book (7 volumes) and CD-ROM format, leaving DOC with coverage of only the most widely distributed and/or practically important natural products. DNP compilation has since continued unabated by a combination of an exhaustive survey of current literature and of historical sources such as reviews to pick up minor natural products and items of data previously overlooked. (more…)
The Natural Capital™ Plant Database is a repository of temperate climate plant information for ecological design. Our partner designers have combined the best sources of plant research and documentation in order to provide the highest integrity for a wide variety of users. Whether you are a first-time gardener or an experienced permaculture designer, we hope you find the information you need to take your knowledge of plants and ecological systems to the next level. We use citations from multiple sources and provide detail on plant characteristics, tolerances and behaviors, ecological functions, human uses, concerns, and plant associates.
Coming Soon! Bamboo and Citrus plants in 2015. We hope to add many more tropical plants and look for submissions from our subscribers.
The Natural Capital™ Plant Database provides a variety of design tools from searching for plants based on selected criteria to creating ecological analogs. Downloadable query spreadsheets are formatted on most of the screens with all the information needed for sorting and refining plant choices.