All about Pharmacognosy

All about Pharmacognosy

Archive for April, 2011

Historic Chinese Traditional Customs

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A custom made is often an proven behavioral pattern that prevails via years. It is frequently the outcome of social influences about the individuals of a culture. Standard customs have their particular analogies. They connect specified factors or actions with specified happenings in lifestyle. Classic customs are meant to invite very good omen even though warding off the evils.

Classic Customs of China
Chinese deemed tea as one of their 7 fundamental necessities. Firewood, oil, salt, soy sauce and vinegar had been a number of the other standard wants. Methods of tea planning, the techniques of tasting it and the situations on which it’s consumed make the Chinese tea culture distinctive. Kids serve tea to their elders as a token of regard. Men and women of lower purchase are intended to serve tea to men and women of larger ranks. This customized continues to be practiced on formal occasions. When a particular person is served tea, he knocks on the table with bent index finger and center finger to mention, “thank you”. Chinese tea is not only their drink but also an ingredient of organic medications.
Chinese weddings have specific standard customs linked with them. Like a form of expressing gratitude, the bride and the groom kneel before their mothers and fathers and provide them tea by beijing escort. In response to this, mothers and fathers consume a modest part of tea and gift the pair a red envelope. The tea ceremony was as soon as an occasion of the households from the newly wed couple of to understand one another. In olden instances, drinking the tea made available confirmed acceptance of marriage whilst refusal represented opposition towards the marriage.
As a part in the Chinese tradition, the husband needs to carry his wife over a pan of coals so that she can efficiently move by means of labor. Pregnant women are intended to become extremely careful in every little thing they do, since it is considered that their actions affect the unborn infant. The hour, day, thirty day period and year by which the infant is born establish the Eight Characters of Chinese Astrology underneath which the baby falls. The Chinese believe that these characters are hugely influential all through the lifestyle in the newborn.
Chopsticks type an integral element of Chinese cutlery but few know what they stand for. Chopsticks are considered to symbolize kindness and gentleness. Confucianism taught the Chinese to abandon knives and forks from your dining table. So they have their meals cut to bite-size before it happens within the table.
New year is amongst the most notable festivals with the Chinese calendar. According to a Chinese myth, Buddha had asked animals to pay a visit to him about the New Year’s Day. Twelve animals came and Buddha named the 12 months following every of them. The Chinese celebrate the lantern festival within the fifteenth day of each lunar month. New Year is about obtaining collectively. Red is considered to abolish negative luck. So people dress in red for your New Yr celebration. An extended dragon made from silk, bamboo and paper is carried along streets. Youthful men maintain the dragon and dance even though carrying the dragon alongside. The Dragon dance is definitely an ancient Chinese custom.
On meeting a person for your first time, the Chinese shake fingers. A handshake could possibly be accompanied by a bow to show respect. Based on the Chinese customs, visitors usually gift their hosts on going to them. It is greatest to present the host, clean flowers or fruit. The hosts are not meant to unpack the gift until the visitors leave. Hosts generally beijing escorts their guests to some considerable distance after they leave.
In ancient instances, people utilized to go over the bodies in the dead with brushwood and clay and leave it inside the family’s property. They still left utensils crammed with food near the corpse. They believed the spirit in the dead would re-enter the body and would require meals. Meals objects, which wouldn’t perish soon were stored beside the dead body. The historical Chinese dwelt in normal or synthetic caves. The Chinese custom of burying the dead in caverns emerged from this sort of dwelling. As time passed, men and women sought a separate place to bury their lifeless which historical apply modified. Many with the ancient Chinese standard customs are followed till day. They have undergone modifications and reforms due to the shifting times. But if you check out China, you may realize that hospitality is a Chinese tradition!

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April 19th, 2011 at 6:41 am

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The Western Herbal Tradition: 2000 years of medicinal plant knowledge

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by: Graeme Tobyn BA FHEA FNIMH, Alison Denham BA(Soc) FNIMH, Margaret Whitelegg BA PhD FNIMH

Book Description :

The Western Herbal Tradition provides a comprehensive and critical exploration of the use of plant medicines through 2000 years of history from Dioscorides to the present day. It follows each of the 27 herbs through a wide range of key sources from European, Arabic and American traditions including Greek, Roman and Renaissance texts. A rich discussion of the historical texts is balanced with current application and research. The herbs have been selected on the basis of common use by practising herbalists. Each illustrated monograph contains: Species, identification and botanical description A study of the characterisation and medicinal use of the plants consistently drawn from featured herbals which includes the authors’ own translations from the Latin Assessment of past and current texts in the transmission of herbal knowledge Consideration of traditional therapeutics, including humoral and physiomedical approaches Suggestions towards a modern experiential approach through Goethean methodology Current evidence on pharmacological constituents Review of evidence on safety Recommendations for internal and external uses, prescribing and dosage Excellent illustrations accompany each monograph to aid learning First book to cover broader historical perspective and discussions of issues surrounding each herb Written by leading experts who are well known in the field Includes some monographs of which there is little material already available The bibliographic evidence provided could support applications for registration of Herbal Medicinal Products under the provisions of the Traditional Herbal Medicinal Product Directive An excellent valuable resource for everyone interested in herbal medicine

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 1:16 pm

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The Consultation in Phytotherapy: The Herbal Practitioner's Approach to the Patient

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by: Peter Conway Dip Phyt MNIMH MCPP DTM Cert Ed

Book Deskription :

The Consultation in Phytotherapy considers the means by which the herbal practitioner can seek to appreciate the patient’s predicament. Written for both herbal medicine students and practitioners, the book takes a radical approach, challenging readers to reflect on the nature, scope and methods of the consultation in herbal practice. The author asserts that the effective consultation represents a therapeutic act in and of itself, and proposes strategies for maximising and realising this therapeutic potential. The book provides both a complement to, and a critique of, mainstream texts on clinical diagnosis and case management. It contrasts the herbal consultation with that occurring in conventional medicine and offers rationales, arguments and tools aimed at developing an enhanced capacity to achieve profound results in the herbal clinical encounter.    About the Author Peter Conway is a practising medical herbalist and has been involved in developing and teaching on several BSc and MSc courses in herbal medicine. He is the President of the College of Practitioners of Phytotherapy and a Director of the European Herbal and Traditional medicine Practitioners Association. Peter helped draft the National Professional Standards for Herbal Medicine and sat on the Department of Health Steering Group on the Statutory Regulation of Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine.

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 1:04 pm

Sho-Saiko-To: Scientific Evaluation and Clinical Applications (Traditional Herbal Medicines for Modern Times, V. 4)

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By Yukio Ogihara, Masaki Aburada

  • Publisher: CRC
  • Number Of Pages: 223
  • Publication Date: 2003-07-24
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 0415308372
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9780415308373
  • Binding: Hardcover

Book Description:

Kampo medicine is a traditional medicine that originated from China over two thousand years ago. It was adopted by the Japanese and remained there for many years until modern times. Kampo medicine is now becoming increasingly recognized as an important therapeutic method alongside Western practice. In Japan itself, every principal hospital uses Kampo formulae as a means of treatment. This volume uses Sho-Saiko-To, made from a combination of seven natural medicinal drugs and an important example of the Kampo formulae, to illustrate how these traditional medicines can be utilized in a variety of medical practices with the correct expert guidance. Sho-Saiko-To provides a comprehensive review of this medicinal formulae: from its historical use, cultivation of the constituent materials, production, chemistry and pharmacology, quality assurance and clinical testing of safety, and its use as a biological response modifier for the prevention and treatment of a variety of liver diseases. It serves as a reference for researchers and practitioners who wish to gain a scientific understanding of Sho-Saiko-To and discover how this and other Kampo medicines may be effectively integrated into Western medicine.

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 1:01 pm

Nutritional and Herbal Therapies for Children and Adolescents: A Handbook for Mental Health Clinicians (Practical Resources for the Mental Health Professional)

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by: George M. Kapalka

Book Description :

This volume assists practicing mental health professionals in expanding their knowledge about nutritional and herbal interventions that can be attempted as alternatives to prescription medications. Designed to provide guidance for non-medical caregivers treating children and adolescents who present with emotional and/or behavioral difficulties such as such as depression, anxiety, ADHD, sleep difficulties, impulsivity, distractibility, and other psychological and psychiatric disorders, the volume provides a comprehensive discussion of naturopathic solutions based on existing research. In areas where research is not extensive, conclusions are provided about potentially beneficial effects based on the specific pharmacologic action of the compounds. Dosage for specific age groups, schedules of administration, dietary considerations (i.e., whether or not to take the supplement with food), monitoring for response and adverse effects, signs of dangerous reactions, and the need to control interactions with other compounds (i.e., prescription medications) are thoroughly reviewed with regard to each supplement discussed in the book.

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 12:58 pm

Herbal Products: Toxicology and Clinical Pharmacology (Forensic Science and Medicine)

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By Timothy S. Tracy, Richard L. Kingston (Editors)

  • Publisher: Humana Press
  • Number Of Pages: 290
  • Publication Date: 2007-05-08
  • Sales Rank: 1194485
  • ISBN / ASIN: 1588293130
  • EAN: 9781588293138
  • Binding: Hardcover
  • Manufacturer: Humana Press
  • Studio: Humana Press

Book Description:

Herbal Products: Toxicology and Clinical Pharmacology, Second Edition builds on the informative foundation laid by its predecessor. This fully revised and expanded second edition boasts more than 200 new references that document efficacy studies and adverse effects and four new chapters devoted to dietary products. Practitioners and researchers will find that this volume is a comprehensive resource for objective clinical information about the potential uses, efficacy, and safety of herbal medicines. The authors recognize that the majority of available information on dietary supplements is typically provided by distributors and designed to sell a product rather than objectively inform consumers; therefore, the emphasis throughout is on information not readily available from any other source. Similar to the first edition, this volume is based on original studies published in peer-reviewed journals, as well as meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and other high-quality assessments by recognized experts.

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 12:58 pm

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Chinese Herbal Formulas: Treatment Principles and Composition Strategies

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by: Yifan Yang MD MSc

  • Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
  • Number Of Pages: 464
  • Publication Date: 2010-01-20
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 0702031321
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9780702031328

Book Description:

Traditionally the study of Chinese herbal formulas has involved memorizing hundreds of classic formulas, and recognizing and summarizing the relevant treatment rules and formula-making strategies in order to create appropriate formulas for treatment. This new book by Yifan Yang, author of “Chinese Herbal Medicines: Comparisons and Characteristics” (which pioneered the comparative method of single herb study), introduces a new approach to formula study. The reader is shown how to use the basic treatment rules and composition strategies, abstracted from hundreds of formulas, in order to create individual formulas for treating a variety of syndromes. The method is clear and easy to understand, with a systematic approach and an emphasis on essential knowledge. In this title, 19 common syndromes and 60 sub-syndromes are described and discussed in detail, illustrated with clear line drawings. Chinese diagnosis of syndromes are related to the Western disease names. Treatment principles and plans are given for each syndrome. Principles of herb selection are introduced with recommendations and explanations of specific herbs in relation to each syndrome. 166 classic formulas are given as examples. Treatment strategies in complicated syndromes, treatment sequences, cautionary advice for herbs and combinations with Western drugs, dosage management in a variety of conditions and commonly used pairs of herbs are all discussed. Detailed indexes and contents lists facilitate quick reference and searching within the text. “Chinese Herbal Formulas: Treatment Principles and Composition Strategies” is written by an experienced practitioner and lecturer of Chinese herbal medicine. It is the ideal companion to “Chinese Herbal Medicines: Comparisons and Characteristics”, by the same author.

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 12:46 pm

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Chinese Herbal Medicines: Comparisons and Characteristics

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By Yifan Yang MD MSc

  • Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
  • Number Of Pages: 268
  • Publication Date: 2009-12-22
  • ISBN-10 / ASIN: 070203133X
  • ISBN-13 / EAN: 9780702031335

Book Description:

Retains the same easy to follow format as the first edition. Presents detailed comparisons and discussions of commonly used Chinese herbs. Provides a series of thought-provoking questions with very detailed answers. Structured to help the reader to learn and memorize the content more easily. The easy-to-use question-andanswer format is convenient to apply in the consulting room. Includes discussion of clinical applications to help with the practical use of the information in clinical setting. Revised and updated with particular emphasis on the safe use of Chinese herbal medicines. New appendices provide information on safe dosages, commonly used herbal
combinations and the meanings of Chinese words used in herbal names. Provides a sound foundation for the study and practice of Chinese herbal medicine.

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 12:40 pm

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Botanical Medicine for Women's Health

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by: Aviva Romm CPM RH(AHG)

Book Description :

With a unique combination of traditional and modern scientific data on herbal medicine, this comprehensive guide has the coverage you need to treat women’s health conditions with botanical medicine. Written by an experienced midwife, clinical herbalist, and MD candidate, Botanical Medicine for Women’s Health blends a clinician-sensitive and patient-centered approach to women’s health issues. Coverage of menstrual health, fertility, breast conditions, and much more makes this an essential resource for everyday practice.Expert author Aviva Romm combines her experience as a midwife, herbalist, and physician (MD expected April, 2009) for a fully integrated approach to medical and botanical interventions.Convenient organization begins with herbal medicine and then covers health conditions organized chronologically by lifecycle help you understand the relationship between herbal medicine and women’s health. Plant profiles include principle uses, clinical indications, and safety information on the 10 most commonly used botanicals for women’s health. Detailed illustrations and professional plant photographs enable you to identify herbs visually as well as by substance make-up. Specialized focus on women’s health and botanical medicine provides the specific information you need for treating women at any stage of life. Content on over 150 botanicals for over 35 different conditions make this a comprehensive resource for current, evidence-based information. Appendices on common botanical names, quick dose reference charts, adverse interactions, and botanical medicine resources offer practical information at a glance. Over 30 expert contributors with a combination of practical experience as clinicians and teachers provide a unique, clinically based perspective on botanical medicine.

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 12:39 pm

Alternative Treatment for Cancer (Annals of Traditional Chinese Medicine)

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by: Ping-Chung Leung

Book Desription :

Cancer treatment has enjoyed half a century of healthy development, relying mainly on surgery, cytotoxic therapy and radiation. Achievements and successes are well reflected in the longer survival period and better quality of life. Nonetheless, cancer still spreads locally, recurs, metastasizes and remains one of the top killers. Instead of concentrating on cancer removal, it has become obvious that supportive measures are also important. These include the means to improve quality of life during treatment and to contain tumor growth. To this end, herbal medicine appears to offer holistic support via as yet unknown pathways. This volume reveals the practice of cancer treatment using herbs from all over the world, including China, India and Japan. It provides comprehensive information about the herbs commonly used, the logic of using the herbs, some of the mechanisms of action and other means of palliative treatment. While cancer victims have a thirst for choosing their own supplementary treatment, health providers have a duty to explain to them the justifications and the options.

Written by najib

April 14th, 2011 at 12:34 pm

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