Archive for March, 2011
John Romeo, Department of Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
The Phytochemical Society of North America held its forty-fourth annual meeting in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada from July 24-28, 2004. This year’s meeting was hosted by the University of Ottawa and the Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre and was held jointly with the International Society of Chemical Ecology. All of the chapters in this volume are based on papers presented in the symposium entitled “Chemical Ecology and Phytochemistry of Forest Ecosystems”. The Symposium Committee, Mamdouh Abou-Zaid, John T. Arnason, Vincenzo deLuca, Constance Nozzolillo, and Bernard Philogene, assembled an international group of phytochemists and chemical ecologists working primarily in northern forest ecosystems.
John Romeo, Department of Biology, SCA 110, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
This monograph series is commissioned by the Phytochemical Society of North America (PSNA). The volumes in this series contain articles on developing topics of interest to scientists, students and individuals interested in recent developments in the biochemistry, chemistry and molecular biology of plants. Volume 37 concentrates on the integration of techniques to solve complex phytochemistry problems.
Chong-Ren Yang, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
Osamu Tanaka, Suzugamine Women’s College, Hiroshima, Japan
In the plant kingdom a variety of chemical constituents occur in a glycoside form (conjugation with sugar). Glycosides are important, secondary metabolites. The structural diversity is a result of the vast amount of varieties and stereochemical configurations of the sugar component. Aglycones belong to terpenoid, steroid, flavonoid, quinonoid, lignan, other simple phenolics, and isothiocyanate. However, biological activities of glycosides are, in many cases, susceptible to the nature of sugar moieties, even though their aglycone is the same.
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William Evans, BPharm, BSc, PhD, DSc, FIBiol, FLS, FRPharmS, Formerly Reader in Phytochemistry, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
This encyclopedic reference work on pharmacognosy covers the study of those natural substances, principally plants, that find a use in medicine. Its popularity and longevity stem from the book’s balance between classical (crude and powdered drugs’ characterization and examination) and modern (phytochemistry and pharmacology) aspects of this branch of science, as well as the editor’s recognition in recent years of the growing importance of complementary medicines, including herbal, homeopathic and aromatherapy.
Pharmacy studentsReference work for pharmaceutical companiesHerbal medicine practitioners
This monograph series is commissioned by the Phytochemical Society of North America (PSNA). The volumes in this series contain articles on developing topics of interest to scientists, students and individuals interested in recent developments in the biochemistry, chemistry and molecular biology of plants. Volume 36 centers on the role of phytochemistry in the rapid developments in biology brought about by the application of large-scale genomics approaches. Several functional genomic approaches discussed in this volume address plant gene function on a large scale. Plants are combinatorial chemists par excellence, and understanding the principles that relate enzyme structure to function will open up unlimited possibilities for the rational design of new enzymes to generate novel biologically active natural products. Knowledge of the molecular genetics of plant natural product pathways will also facilitate the engineering of these pathways for plant improvement and human benefit. Phytochemistry truly has a great future in the genomics and post-genomics eras.
The journal will provide for the rapid publication of 2-4 page reports on all aspects of natural products. The Editors will give priority to concise papers that merit urgent publication by virtue of their originality, general interest, or contribution to new developments. Reports must be complete and concise or may show the importance of a new field of research. Preliminary reports, which are incomplete or lack depth are outside of the scope of the journal. Papers that describe the development of methodology or studies that are broad in terms of their multidisciplinarity are particularly encouraged.
Manuscripts which detail routine extract pharmacology or trivial evaluation of known compounds (for example antioxidant effects of flavonoids) will not be reviewed and are outside of the scope of the journal.
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1. Characterization of active ingredients of medicinal plants
2. Development of standardization method for bioactive plant extracts and natural products
3. Identification of bioactivity in plant extracts
4. Identification of targets and mechanism of activity of plant extracts
5. Production and genomic characterization of medicinal plants biomass
6. Chemistry and biochemistry of bioactive natural products of plant origin
7. Critical reviews of the historical, clinical and legal status of medicinal plants, and accounts on topical issues.
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Using original sources, this significant text looks at the transformation of Chinese medicine from a marginal, side-lined medical practice of the early twentieth century, to an essential and high-profile part of the national health-care system under the Chinese Communist Party. The political, economic and social motives which drove this promotion are analyzed and the extraordinary role that Chinese medicine was meant to play in Mao Zedong’s revolution is fully explored for the first time, making a major contribution to the history of Chinese medicine.
‘Kim Taylor’s book, Chinese Medicine in Early Communist China, is a gratifying addition to the list of genuinely new historical studies.’ – China Quarterly
‘Taylor has written a significant work thath makes real contributions to our understanding of changing pedagogic and therapeutic practices in Chinese medicine.’ – China Journal
Plants dominate today’s biosphere. Because of their numbers, diversity, and ubiquity (on land and in water), plants are by far the most important primary producers on Earth. Through photosynthesis, plants control our atmosphere and capture the incident energy from the Sun, which provides nearly all of the chemical energy required to support the entire food chain that makes up the vast biodiversity of life on Earth.
Plants support not just the food and planetary conditions required for life, they provide a staggering array of natural products that are the basis of many of our medicinals, dyes, spices, plastics, and fine chemicals. The products of photosynthesis are also harvested to provide the fibers with which we make clothing, paper, and lumber. Photosynthesis by plants provides sources of fuel, both fossil (such as coal) and so-called biofuels (such as ethanol).
New Second Edition!
A convenient source of information for workers in analytical chemistry, experimental biology, physics, and engineering, this Second Edition stands as a quick reference source and clear guide to specific chromatographic techniques and principles- providing a basic introduction to the science and technology of the method, as well as additional references on the theory and methodology for analysis of specific chemicals and applications in a range of industries.