Archive for February, 2011
• The Effect of Agricultural Byproduct of Olive Tree on Horticultural Substrate of Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) Grown in Soilless Crop System
• Physiological and Biochemical Changes During Seed Deterioration in Aged Seeds of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
• Effect of Water Stress Imposed at Different Growth and Development Stages on Morphological Traits and Yield of Bambara Groundnuts (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc)
• Effect of Gibberellic Acid and Indole 3-acetic Acid on Improving Growth and Accumulation of Phytochemical Composition in Balanites aegyptiaca Plants
• Effect of Plant Density and Nitrogen Rate on PAR Absorption and Maize Yield
• Study of Physiological and Biochemical Alterations in Cyanobacterium under Organic Stress
Records of Natural Products is a journal of natural product chemistry. Reviews, book reviews, research papers and short reports are considered on the substances of plants, microbes and animals.
Discussions on the structure elucidation, synthesis of naturally occurring compounds and biological activity of natural compounds and plant extracts, biosynthesis of natural products and essential oils of aromatic plants as well as chemotaxonomy in the field of plants are welcomed in the journal.
All published research articles in Records of Natural Products have undergone rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and anonymized refereeing by expert referees.
Any views expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and are not the views of ACG Publication.
DEVOTED TO PLANT ANATOMY, MORPHOLOGY, CYTOLOGY, GENETICS, KARYOLOGY, EMBRYOLOGY, TISSUE CULTURE, PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOSYSTEMATICS
Indexed in Science Citation Index, Current Contents (Agriculture, Biology & Environmental Sciences), Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS Data, Index Copernicus, Polish Scientific Journals Contents – AGRIC. & BIOL. SCI., AGRO-AGEN.
PL ISSN 0001-5296
Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology
ul. Grodzka 52, 31-044 Cracow, Poland
Tel./Fax: + 48 12 422 81 07
URL : http://www.ib.uj.edu.pl
The Official Journal of the International Society for Ethnopharmacology
The Journal of Ethnopharmacology is dedicated to the exchange of information and understandings about people’s use of plants, fungi, animals, microorganisms and minerals and their biological and pharmacological effects based on the principles established through international conventions.
The Journal of Ethnopharmacology is dedicated to the exchange of information and understandings about people’s use of plants, fungi, animals, microorganisms and minerals and their biological and pharmacological effects based on the principles established through international conventions. Early people confronted with illness and disease, discovered a wealth of useful therapeutic agents in the plant and animal kingdoms. The empirical knowledge of these medicinal substances and their toxic potential was passed on by oral tradition and sometimes recorded in herbals and other texts on materia medica. Many valuable drugs of today (e.g., atropine, ephedrine, tubocurarine, digoxin, reserpine) came into use through the study of indigenous remedies. Chemists continue to use plant-derived drugs (e.g., morphine, taxol, physostigmine, quinidine, emetine) as prototypes in their attempts to develop more effective and less toxic medicinals.
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Traditionally, Western medical knowledge from Graeco-Roman times onward has been transmitted by means of authoritative printed texts. Today, both patient and physician may be more likely to use the Internet as a first reference source. The sheer amount of medical information available on the World Wide Web and the speed of its renewal and retrieval may outpace the Caxtonian mechanics of printed textbook production, but has done little to erode the authority of the printed word. Conversely, in fact, major medical reference texts are these days being “ported” into the memory of hand-held electronic devices or on-line databases. This development, welcomed by gadgetry enthusiasts, eliminates the hefty size and weight of the printed tome, but decreases the legibility and convenience of the printed page as well as undermining the narrative qualities of the traditional medical textbook.
The two oldest extant and expounded systems of traditional medicine are East Indian Traditional Medicine, known as A – yurveda and dating back five to ten thousand years, and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) whose history arguably is known to extend as much as 5000 years into antiquity. While Western medicine owes its origins to the Egyptian, Greek, Roman and Arabic cultures, it has been hopelessly fragmented several times over the last 2000 years due to the disintegration of the Roman Empire, then the early suppression by the church of any physical healing methods, and more recently, the development of pharmaceutical drugs.
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) uses many therapeutic modalities, the major one being Chinese herbal medicine. Its development has been a historical process flowing and flowering with Chinese culture for more than four thousand years. Its practice follows theories of holistic and integrative principles. Therapy is based on understanding relations between part and whole, distinguishing symptom and appearance from true cause, and treatingeach individual case as unique.
The foundation for this medical practice is the Chinese materia medica. More than 6,000 substances have been used and their effects documented and researched in the past four millenia. Clinical practice and empirical results from millions of medical cases have created a data bank on individual substances as well as prescriptions of complex compounds. This literature is unparalleled and unsurpassed in the world’s medical knowledge.
In fact, stories about the use of herbs to improve human health are older than TCM itself. Legends about herbal medicine start with Shen Nong (The Divine Farmer), who introduced agriculture and animal husbandry into China. According to the ancient book Master of Huai Nan (Huai Nan Zi), by Liu An of the Han dynasty, Shen Nong Shi (3000 B.C) a hundred herbs and came across seventy poisonous herbs each day.”
This edition is a complementary extension of the fi rst edition rather than simply a revised and updated version. Thus, the majority of contributors are new, and the present aspects of bioactive natural product research were not necessarily covered in the fi rst edition. However, following in the same vein as the fi rst edition of this book, the reviewed and edited chapters of this second edition were written by international researchers representing a variety of scientifi c disciplines. Each contributor consequently approaches bioactive natural product research from a different perspective, highlighting the multidisciplinary and collaborative nature of this type of research.
The field of medicine has long been divided between so-called ‘rationalist’ and ‘vitalistic’ principles. While the rationalist/scientific model has held sway (at least in the Westernised nations) for the last couple of centuries, vitalistic concepts of health and healing have made a comeback in the recent decades. A vast array of natural healing modalities—both ancient and new—have emerged, and some are even challenging orthodox medicine for part of the middle ground. Alternative medicine has become Complementary and Alternative Medicine (capitals intentional), or CAM for short; however, the question is often asked: ‘Is there any scientific evidence that proves any of these therapies work?’.
Raintree is dedicated to providing accurate and factual information on the important plants of the Amazon Rainforest, therefore this section of the Raintree web site is the most extensive. This Tropical Plant Database is continuously under construction as we continue to add more rainforest plants which are under research and update the information on the plants in the database.