All about Pharmacognosy

All about Pharmacognosy

Archive for January, 2011

HERBAL MEDICINE: An Alternative and Complementary Medicine Resource Guide

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INTRODUCTION

These resources relate mainly to Western traditions of herbal medicine (also referred to as phytomedicine, herbal medicine or botanical medicine) that rely primarily on the use of single herbs. Other traditional systems of medicine, particularly Asian traditions, use many herbs in synergistic mixtures or blends. Examples are Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurvedic, and Tibetan. They are not covered in the following listings. Note our Resource Guides on Ayurvedic, Tibetan medicine, and Traditional Systems of Medicine.

We are just beginning to understand the complexities of herbal medicine, with its multiplicity of active chemicals in a single herb, and the interaction of a mixture of herbs found in traditional therapies. Previously, scientific research relied on the drug development model, which focused on a single compound and mode of action. In order to effectively research whether herbal medicine is effective or even safe, we need to detect all the active chemicals that exist in a medicinal plant, but also evaluate their effects on humans individually and together. We need to know whether the production process changes the chemicals; whether these compounds interfere with each other or with other drugs; and if our current technology can accurately measure all of the potential chemicals that may play a part in the effectiveness of an “herbal drug”. Herbal growers, manufacturers, researchers, medical clinicians, funding agencies are all part of the panoply of actors involved in the making of safe and effective herbal medicine.

As demand for alternative medicine has grown, so have the harvesting and collection pressures for numerous ecologies that produce the medicinal plants of interest. The largest impact on the availability has been the loss of habitat worldwide. In conjunction with loss of physical resources, many aboriginal societies who have maintained vast and important bodies of knowledge about the identification and use of medicinal plants are being lost as well. Both physical habitat and ancient knowledge, once lost, will be gone forever. An educated public is the best hope for influencing governmental decisions that will have far reaching implications.

The resources are selected and categorized to help you with your own research or background reading so you can become an intelligent, educated consumer not only of herbal products but, equally importantly, of information. Ultimately, together we will influence not only the quality of herbal medicine available to us in stores, but also whether we will maintain the diversity of plant life necessary to sustain a diversity of cultures and alternative methods for maintaining good health.

For additional resources on relevant Alternative and Complementary modalities, see our Resource Guides on:

URL : http://www.amfoundation.org/

Written by najib

January 31st, 2011 at 2:41 pm

Institute for Traditional Medicine

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About the Institute for Traditional Medicine

The Institute for Traditional Medicine and Preventive Health Care, Inc. (ITM), is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization established in 1979, incorporated in 1983, and moved to its current head office in 1988. ITM was founded by and is directed by Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D.

Traditional medicine refers to ideas, experiences, and substances that have been handed down generation to generation from ancient times, where the origins are obscure but where the continuity of basic understanding has been assured by a formal structure. Among the primary traditional medical systems still active today are the Chinese, Tibetan, and Indian (Ayurvedic). ITM enriches the lives of people seeking traditional medicine knowledge and services by clarifying the nature of traditional medicine and demonstrating how it can be utilized in the modern setting.

To accomplish its goals, the Institute performs 6 basic functions:

  1. It operates two clinical facilities, the Immune Enhancement Project (IEP) and the An Hao Natural Health Care Clinic (An Hao). IEP is a low cost treatment center providing acupuncture, Chinese herb therapies, and Zen shiatsu primarily for patients with serious ailments (such as cancer and HIV) that can clearly benefit from effective adjunctive therapies, though all are welcome so long as they follow program protocol. IEP serves as a charitable outlet for ITM’s clinical activities. An Hao is a mixed therapies clinic offering naturopathic medicine, acupuncture, chiropractic, Zen shiatsu, Chinese herbs, and modern medicine. It is a demonstration clinic that illustrates a potential new model for integrative health care. In addition, ITM provides consulting to other clinics that wish to follow the presentation method or the therapies that are available at these clinics. Selected students at local acupuncture colleges, particularly of the Chinese medical department of the National College of Naturopathic Medicine, can get advanced training at these clinics.
  2. It provides numerous educational materials, primarily articles written by Subhuti Dharmananda. Currently, over 2,000 pages of such articles are in the ITM archive. Dr. Dharmananda provides free consulting to practitioners who are members of the START Group, to aid in their understanding of herbs, issues related to traditional medicine, individual patients, and practice methods.
  3. It conducts background research in traditional medicine, including medical journal searches in China (carried out by Dr. Fu Kezhi in Harbin) and computer searches here in the U.S. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by najib

January 31st, 2011 at 2:22 pm

Posted in Resources

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Chinese Medicine

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What is Chinese Medicine?

Chinese Medicine, the official journal of the International Society for Chinese Medicine, is an open access, peer-reviewed online journal that encompasses all aspects of research on Chinese medicine, provided the material, methods, results, and conclusions are evidence-based, scientifically justified, and ethical.

Areas of interest include herbal medicine, health food, clinical nutrition, acupuncture, Tui-na, Qi-qong, Tai Chi Quan, energy research, medical education, cultural exchange, and technical translation.

Chinese Medicine is a credible channel to disseminate unbiased scientific data, information, and knowledge in Chinese medicine to researchers, clinicians, academics, and students in Chinese medicine, integrative Chinese-Western medicine, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and related biomedical fields.

Read the rest of this entry »

Written by najib

January 31st, 2011 at 2:00 pm

Posted in Journals

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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal that aims to promote the exchange of original knowledge and research in any area of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine invites research articles and reviews based on original interdisciplinary studies on the inextricable relationships between human cultures and nature/universe, Traditional Environmental/Ecological Knowledge (TEK), folk and traditional medical knowledge, as well as the relevance of these for environmental and public health policies.

Latest Issue :

    Kamatenesi MM, Acipa A and Oryem-Origa H Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2011, 7:7 (17 January 2011)
    Agbor AM and Naidoo S Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2011, 7:6 (15 January 2011)
    Chakravorty J, Ghosh S and Meyer-Rochow VB Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2011, 7:5 (14 January 2011)
    Fagbemissi RC and Price LL Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2011, 7:4 (10 January 2011

    URL: http://www.ethnobiomed.com/

    Contact :

    Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
    Floor 6, 236 Gray’s Inn Road
    London WC1X 8HB
    United Kingdom
    Email:
    ethnobiomed@netcologne.de (Editorial enquiries)
    info@biomedcentral.com (Technical support and any other enquiries)
    Phone:
    +44 (0) 20 3192 2009 (weekdays 9am – 6pm UK time)
    Fax :
    +44 (0)20 3192 2010

    Written by najib

    January 31st, 2011 at 1:38 pm

    Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases

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    Plant Searches
    Chemicals and activities in a particular plant.
    High concentration chemicals.
    Chemicals with one activity.
    Ethnobotanical uses.
    List chemicals and activities for a plant.
    Chemical Searches
    Plants with a chosen chemical.
    Activities of a chosen chemical.
    List activities and plants for a chemical.
    List common activities (synergies) for a list of chemicals.
    Activity Searches
    Plants with a specific activity.
    Search for plants with several activities.
    Chemicals with a specific activity.
    Lethal dose (LD) information for a chemical.
    Search for plants/chemicals with one or more activities.
    Search for plants/chemicals with a superactivity.
    Ethnobotany Searches
    Ethnobotanical uses for a particular plant.
    Plants with a particular ethnobotanical use.
    Database References
    Reference citations.

    URL : http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/

    Contact :

    Jim Duke
    Green Farmacy Garden
    8210 Murphy Road
    Fulton, MD 20759
    or
    Mary Jo Bogenschutz: godwinm001@hawaii.rr.com

    Written by najib

    January 31st, 2011 at 1:11 pm

    Websites on ethnobotany and plants

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    Written by najib

    January 31st, 2011 at 1:00 pm

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    Ethnobotany Journal

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    Ethnobotany Research and Applications is an electronic, peer-reviewed, multi-disciplinary journal devoted to the rapid dissemination of current research. Manuscript submission, peer review, and publication are all handled on the Internet. The journal seeks manuscripts that are novel, integrative and written in ways that are accessible to a wide audience. This includes an array of disciplines (biological and social sciences) concerned particularly with theoretical questions that lead to practical applications. Articles can also be based on the perspectives of cultural practitioners, poets and others with insights into plants, people and applied research. Photo essays, methodology reviews and theoretical discussions are also published. The journal publishes original research that is described in indigenous languages. We also encourage papers that make use of the unique opportunities of an E-journal: color illustrations, animated model output, down-loadable models and data sets.

    Read the rest of this entry »

    Written by najib

    January 31st, 2011 at 12:52 pm

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    Ethnobotany

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    What is Ethnobotany?

    Ethnobotany is the study of how people of a particular culture and region make of use of indigenous plants. Ethnobotanists explore how plants are used for such things as food, shelter, medicine, clothing, hunting, and religious ceremonies.

    Medicinal plants are extracted
    at Shaman Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    Photo by Mark Tuschmanii, 1996.

    Ethnobotany has its roots in botany, the study of plants. Botany, in turn, originated in part from an interest in finding plants to help fight illness. In fact, medicine and botany have always had close ties. Many of today’s drugs have been derived from plant sources. Pharmacognosy is the study of medicinal and toxic products from natural plant sources. At one time, pharmacologists researching drugs were required to understand the natural plant world, and physicians were schooled in plant-derived remedies. However, as modern medicine and drug research advanced, chemically-synthesized drugs replaced plants as the source of most medicinal agents in industrialized countries. Although research in plant sources continued and plants were still used as the basis for some drug development, the dominant interest (and resulting research funding) shifted to the laboratory.[More]

    Written by najib

    January 31st, 2011 at 12:33 pm

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    Pharmaceutical Biology

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    Pharmaceutical Biology

    http://informahealthcare.com/phb

    [feedlist listurl=”http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/rss/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1522-7189″ limit=20]

    Written by admin

    January 31st, 2011 at 10:39 am

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    Natural Product Reports

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    NPRNatural Product Reports is a critical review journal which stimulates progress in all areas of natural products research.

    • Impact factor: 9.202
    • International editorial board and authorship
    • Indexed in MEDLINE and other major databases
    • HTML content enhanced using the interactive Prospect tool

    The journal covers all areas of natural products research including isolation, structural and stereochemical determination, bi…..

    Latest Articles

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    Written by admin

    January 31st, 2011 at 10:32 am

    Posted in Journals

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