Pharmacognosy is a branch of pharmaceutical sciences which focuses on drugs of herbal and natural origin. Although pharmacognosy mostly deals with medicinal herbs, some animal products, marine materials and fungal and bacterial products are also discussed in pharmacognosy. There is a close relationship between pharmacognosy, botany and phytochemistry. Like many other fields of science, pharmacognosy has gone through variations in recent years; however, it is in close collaboration with many fields of science and is one of the bases of pharmacy.
Pharmacognostic studies include phytopharmaceutical investigations (raw materials for herbal products), biological evaluations of natural products, phytotherapy (healing effects of medicinal plants), phytochemistry (extraction, isolation and structure determination of natural compounds), plant cell culture, biochemical conversions and evaluating the biosynthesis pathways. Read the rest of this entry »
Natural products offer a vast and virtually unlimited source of new agents for both the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. The National Center for Natural Products Research (NCNPR) was created to bring together an alliance of academia, government, and the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries to integrate research, development, and commercialization of potentially useful natural products. It is the nation’s only university-affiliated research center devoted to improving human health and agricultural productivity through the discovery, development, and commercialization of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals derived from natural products.
The NCNPR conducts basic and applied multidisciplinary research to discover and develop natural products for use as pharmaceuticals, dietary supplements and agrochemicals, and to understand the biological and chemical properties of medicinal plants. Research is also conducted on medicinal plants so that they may be developed as crops for U.S. farmers. Building on a strong foundation and history of excellence in natural products research within the Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences in the School of Pharmacy at the University of Mississippi, NCNPR programs involve the faculty of the departments of biomolecular sciences, pharmaceutics and drug delivery, pharmacy administration and pharmacy practice.
The Faculty of Pharmacy and Drug manufacturing – Pharos University-, as a teaching and research institution, aims to achieve a distinguished and leading position among local and international counterparts and to be a leader in development of pharmacy career with outstanding services to community and environs.
The Department Of Pharmacognosy Of Medicinal Plants Deals with topics related to plants and drugs of natural resources concerning their morphology , histology , chemical constituents and uses .
Moreover, the department concerns with study of some poisonous plants and narcotics .
Url : http://www.pua.edu.eg
NAPRALERT® is a relational database of all natural products, including ethnomedical information, pharmacological / biochemical information of extracts of organisms in vitro, in situ, in vivo, in humans (case reports, non-clinical trials) and clinical studies. Similar information is available for secondary metabolites from natural sources.
In 1975 the system began a systematic search of the literature by examining every journal pertinent to natural products in our UIC Health Science Library, as well as viewing the Table of Contents of a large number of journals from the Internet on a regular (monthly) basis. These journals were selected from a list of journals that historically we knew contained pertinent data for the system. In addition pertinent sections of Chemical Abstracts, particularly the Biochemistry Section, were examined for articles not found in our Library sources and original articles were obtained via Interlibrary Loans. We are fortunate also to have many foreign journals in which articles are rarely found through the aforementioned sources.
To date more than 200,000 scientific papers and reviews are included in NAPRALERT, representing organisms from all countries of the world, including marine organisms, including the geographic origin from where the organisms were obtained. Read the rest of this entry »
Super Natural II, a database of natural products. It contains 325,508 natural compounds (NCs), including information about the corresponding 2d structures, physicochemical properties, predicted toxicity class and potential vendors. Natural products are small compounds synthesized by living organisms. The chemical diversity of these molecules is tremendous and offers inspiration for innovations in medicine, nutrition, agrochemical research and life sciences. Most of the currently used cosmetics and drugs are either natural products or close derivatives thereof.
The Universal Natural Products Database (UNPD) was designed to be a comprehensive resource of natural products for virtual screening. UNPD comprises 229358 molecules in the current version and their identification information (chemical name, CAS registry number, molecular formula, molecular weight, international chemical identifier and simplified molecular input line entry specification) and molecular properties (AlogP, Number of Hydrogen Bond Acceptor, Number of Hydrogen Bond Donors, ). All 3D structures (sdf and mol2 format) were optimized in the MMFF94 force field and can be freely accessed
The Chapman & Hall/CRC Chemical Database is a structured database holding information on chemical substances. It includes descriptive and numerical data on chemical, physical and biological properties of compounds; systematic and common names of compounds; literature references; structure diagrams and their associated connection tables. The Dictionary of Natural Products Online is a subset of this database and includes all compounds contained in the Dictionary of Natural Products (Main Work and Supplements).
The Dictionary of Natural Products (DNP) is the only comprehensive and fully-edited database on natural products. It arose as a daughter product of the well-known Dictionary of Organic Compounds (DOC) which, since its inception in the 1930s has, through successive editions, always been a leading source of natural product information.
In the early 1980s, following the publication of the Fifth Edition of DOC, the first to be founded on database methods, the Editors and contributors for the various classes of natural products embarked on a programme of enlargement, rationalisation and classification of the natural product entries, while at the same time keeping the coverage up-to-date. In 1992 the results of this major project, which had grown to match DOC in size, were separately published in both book (7 volumes) and CD-ROM format, leaving DOC with coverage of only the most widely distributed and/or practically important natural products. DNP compilation has since continued unabated by a combination of an exhaustive survey of current literature and of historical sources such as reviews to pick up minor natural products and items of data previously overlooked. Read the rest of this entry »
The Natural Capital™ Plant Database is a repository of temperate climate plant information for ecological design. Our partner designers have combined the best sources of plant research and documentation in order to provide the highest integrity for a wide variety of users. Whether you are a first-time gardener or an experienced permaculture designer, we hope you find the information you need to take your knowledge of plants and ecological systems to the next level. We use citations from multiple sources and provide detail on plant characteristics, tolerances and behaviors, ecological functions, human uses, concerns, and plant associates.
Coming Soon! Bamboo and Citrus plants in 2015. We hope to add many more tropical plants and look for submissions from our subscribers.
The Natural Capital™ Plant Database provides a variety of design tools from searching for plants based on selected criteria to creating ecological analogs. Downloadable query spreadsheets are formatted on most of the screens with all the information needed for sorting and refining plant choices.
Systematic Aggregation, Analysis, and Review of the Literature
To prepare each Natural Medicines monograph, electronic searches are conducted in many databases, including AMED, CANCERLIT, CINAHL, CISCOM, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, HerbMed, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Medline, and NAPRALERT. Search terms include the common name(s), scientific name(s), and all listed synonyms for each topic. Searches are conducted of additional journals (not indexed in common databases), and of bibliographies from selected secondary references. No restrictions are placed on language or quality of publications. Researchers in the field of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are consulted for access to additional references or ongoing research.
All literature is collected pertaining to efficacy in humans (regardless of study design, quality, or language), dosing, precautions, adverse effects, use in pregnancy/lactation, interactions, alteration of laboratory assays, and mechanism of action (in vitro, animal research, human data). Standardized inclusion/exclusion criteria are utilized for selection. Read the rest of this entry »
The National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG) is a not-for-profit institution, dedicated to discovering, saving, and studying the world’s tropical plants and to sharing what is learned. In just over 40 years, the NTBG has grown to encompass nearly 2,000 acres of gardens and preserves. Thousands of species have been gathered from throughout the tropical world, through hundreds of field expeditions by staff and through collaborations with other institutions and researchers, to form a living collection that is unparalleled anywhere. This collection includes the largest assemblages of native Hawaiian plant species and of breadfruit cultivars in existence. Many of these plants are threatened and endangered or have already disappeared from their native habitats. In its preserves and beyond its properties, the NTBG is actively working to restore degraded habitats, further expanding its efforts to save plants that are otherwise faced with extinction. NTBG’s gardens are not only havens for imperiled plants – they are living laboratories for both staff scientists and visiting researchers from all over the world. An extensive research library and herbarium are located at NTBG’s headquarters and a state-of-the-art conservation and horticulture center is in the adjacent McBryde Garden. Read the rest of this entry »