The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) was founded in the 17th century as a physic garden, growing medicinal plants. This first Garden was in St Anne’s Yard, part of the Holyrood Palace grounds, and occupied an area the size of a tennis court.
RBGE now extends to four sites – Edinburgh, Benmore (near Dunoon in Argyll), Dawyck (near Peebles in the Borders) and Logan (near Stranraer in Galloway), and is the second richest collection of plant species in the world.
Since the 19th century it has received public funding, and it is now sponsored by the Scottish Government’s Environment and Forestry Directorate (ENFOR). The Garden’s remit and mission is rooted in the National Heritage (Scotland) Act 1985. Read the rest of this entry »
The Institute of Biology Leiden (IBL) is an internationally oriented institute for research and education in biology. We are part of the Faculty of Science at Leiden University.
Our aim is to perform top quality innovative fundamental and strategic research that will lead to scientific progress, contribute to solutions for societal challenges, and generate industrial opportunities, reflected in our general theme ‘Healthy Lives in a Changing World’.
The Institute is organized in three multidisciplinary clusters: Animal Sciences & Health, Plant Sciences & Natural Products and Microbial Biotechnology & Health. Our research within these clusters covers disciplines like molecular biology and genetics, cell biology, developmental biology, physiology, evolutionary biology, behavioral biology, microbiology, biotechnology, plant ecology. Our BSc and MScteaching programmes are closely linked to on-going research projects and allow students to fully exploit our scientific strengths. Read the rest of this entry »
This comprehensive textbook primarily aims at fulfilling the syllabus requirements of B. Pharm. students. It is specifically designed to impart knowledge about the alternative systems of medicine and modern pharmacognosy. Additionally, it will also serve as a valuable information resource to other health sciences students and researchers working in the field of herbal technology.
Table of Contents:
Part 1: Introduction to Pharmacognosy
- History, Definition and Scope of Pharmacognosy
- Alternative Systems of Medicine
- Classification of Drugs of Natural Origin
Part 2: Pharmaceutical Botany
- Morphology of Different Plant Parts
- Study of Different Families
Part 3: Cultivation, Collection, Production and Utilization of Herbal Drugs
- Cultivation, Collection and Processing of Herbal Drugs
- Indian Trade in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
- Utilization of Aromatic Plants and Derived Products
- Role of Medicinal Plants in National Economy
PASMet (Prediction, Analysis and Simulation of Metabolic reaction networks) is a user-friendly web-based platform for predicting, modelling, and analysing metabolic systems. It provides an interface for accessing various computational algorithms allowing users to easily work in computational biology.
Chem-TCM database gathers 12070 chemical records, constituents of approximately 350 herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine. There are over 9,500 unique molecular records adjusted for overlapping presence in multiple plants and different stereochemistry. Chem-TCM has four parts: chemical identification, botanical information, predicted activity against common Western therapeutic targets, and estimated molecular activity according to traditional Chinese herbal medicine categories. Chemical information Chemical information lists calculated chemical-physical properties, chirality, name, InChI Key, Registry Number, pharmacology (where known), molecular scaffold type and natural product class. There are 10 major phytochemical classes: aliphatics, alkaloids, simple phenolics, lignans, quinones, polyphenols (flavonoids and tannins), and mono-, sesqui-, di-, and triterpenes (including sterols). The distribution of these classes in relation to traditional Chinese medicine profile is delineated with SOM-Ward clustering. Read the rest of this entry »
International Journal of Phytotherapy and Ethnobotany ISSN 4536-1835 is a peer-reviewed open access journal devoted to reporting the latest advances in phytotherapy and ethnobotany. The goal of this journal is to provide a viable platform for scientists and researchers all over the world to promote, share, and discuss novel issues and perspectives in diverse areas of phytotherapy and ethnobotany and to keep track of the most recent methodological and theoretical developments in the discipline. All submissions are blind reviewed and those accepted are published online either immediately or at the earliest opportunity.
IJPE is an open access journal. Abstracts and full texts of all articles published in the journal can be read online without any form of restriction. Read the rest of this entry »
American Herbal Pharmacopoeia: Botanical Pharmacognosy – Microscopic Characterization of Botanical Medicines
- Provides microscopic descriptions of the major botanicals used in herbal products
- Includes descriptions based on authenticated materials and multiple samples of each species
- Discusses the microscopic anatomy of plant parts used, whole and powdered, for each species
- Contains line drawings, microphoto images, and more than 1000 color illustrations
- Supplies a guide to microscopy resources
Winner of the James A. Duke Award for Excellence in Botanical Literature Award from the American Botanical Council
Compiled by the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia®, this volume addresses the lack of authoritative microscopic descriptions of those medicinal plant species currently in trade. It includes an atlas providing detailed text and graphic descriptions of more than 140 medicinal plant species and their adulterants. Read the rest of this entry »
When man was in need of healing procedures for diseases and accidents, came to natural products as the main source to solve the problem, due to he did not know the current chemicals.
It was therefore necessary to classify medicinal plants according to the type of ailment and the objectives it was intended.
This practice was associated with early plant domestication techniques but played an important collection which even today is practiced by farmers.
Phytotherapy (herbal therapy) has its origins in the beginning of humanity and belongs to the field of medicine.
The first manifestation of its utilization was in the magic rituals as complement for the treatment of some discomfort.
Early experience with herbal treatments were reflected in ancient herbariums at the time of the Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians and Phoenicians. The Ebers Papyrus collected 700 plants.
The oldest of these practices is the Chinese one, with more than 10 000 years, but were the Greeks and Romans who undertook the systematic study of medicinal plants.
Let´s start this Pharmacognosy´s course by defining some necessary terms for understanding.
Aims and Scope
is devoted to the publication of original articles concerning the development, improvement, validation and/or extension of application of analytical methodology in the plant sciences. The spectrum of coverage is broad, encompassing methods and techniques relevant to the detection (including bio-screening), extraction, separation, purification, identification and quantification of compounds in plant biochemistry, plant cellular and molecular biology, plant biotechnology, the food sciences, agriculture and horticulture. The Journal publishes papers describing significant novelty in the analysis of whole plants (including algae), plant cells, tissues and organs, plant-derived extracts and plant products (including those which have been partially or completely refined for use in the food, agrochemical, pharmaceutical and related industries). All forms of physical, chemical, biochemical, spectroscopic, radiometric, electrometric, chromatographic, metabolomic and chemometric investigations of plant products (monomeric species as well as polymeric molecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates) are included within the remit of the Journal. Papers dealing with novel methods relating to areas such as data handling/ data mining in plant sciences will also be welcomed. Read the rest of this entry »
Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research papers, critical reviews and communications on the latest developments in the pharmaceutical sciences with strong emphasis on originality and scientific quality. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology (JPB) is an online journal, publishing original scientific research in all fields of pharmacy. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research work that contributes significantly to further the scientific knowledge in pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences (Pharmaceutics, Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Pharmacognosy, Natural Product Research, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Interest). Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology publishes original research work either as a Full Research Paper or as a Short Communication. The primary criteria for acceptance and publication are scientific rigor and potential to advance the field. It is essential that authors prepare their manuscripts according to established specifications. Failure to follow them may result in papers being delayed or rejected. Therefore, contributors are strongly encouraged to read these instructions carefully before preparing a manuscript for submission. The manuscripts should be checked carefully for grammatical errors. All papers are subjected to peer review. Read the rest of this entry »