All about Pharmacognosy

All about Pharmacognosy

Natural Medicines

without comments

Systematic Aggregation, Analysis, and Review of the Literature
Search Strategy
To prepare each Natural Medicines monograph, electronic searches are conducted in many databases, including AMED, CANCERLIT, CINAHL, CISCOM, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, HerbMed, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Medline, and NAPRALERT. Search terms include the common name(s), scientific name(s), and all listed synonyms for each topic. Searches are conducted of additional journals (not indexed in common databases), and of bibliographies from selected secondary references. No restrictions are placed on language or quality of publications. Researchers in the field of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are consulted for access to additional references or ongoing research.

Selection Criteria
All literature is collected pertaining to efficacy in humans (regardless of study design, quality, or language), dosing, precautions, adverse effects, use in pregnancy/lactation, interactions, alteration of laboratory assays, and mechanism of action (in vitro, animal research, human data). Standardized inclusion/exclusion criteria are utilized for selection. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by najib

May 28th, 2015 at 6:03 am

Posted in Databases

The National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG)

without comments

UntitledThe National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG) is a not-for-profit institution, dedicated to discovering, saving, and studying the world’s tropical plants and to sharing what is learned. In just over 40 years, the NTBG has grown to encompass nearly 2,000 acres of gardens and preserves. Thousands of species have been gathered from throughout the tropical world, through hundreds of field expeditions by staff and through collaborations with other institutions and researchers, to form a living collection that is unparalleled anywhere. This collection includes the largest assemblages of native Hawaiian plant species and of breadfruit cultivars in existence. Many of these plants are threatened and endangered or have already disappeared from their native habitats. In its preserves and beyond its properties, the NTBG is actively working to restore degraded habitats, further expanding its efforts to save plants that are otherwise faced with extinction. NTBG’s gardens are not only havens for imperiled plants – they are living laboratories for both staff scientists and visiting researchers from all over the world. An extensive research library and herbarium are located at NTBG’s headquarters and a state-of-the-art conservation and horticulture center is in the adjacent McBryde Garden. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by najib

April 20th, 2015 at 2:32 am

Molecular Pharmacognosy-Kanazawa University

without comments

RESEARCH SYNOPSIS

-Discovery and development of drug candidates through total syntheses and synthetic modifications of bioactive natural products focused on antitumor and anti-HIV agents.

-Study on cultivation and quality evaluation of medicinal plants (herbal medicines)

OUTLINE

Read the rest of this entry »

Written by najib

March 31st, 2015 at 3:36 pm

Phytochemistry & Bioactive Natural Products and Pharmacognosy-University of Geneva

without comments

Teaching activities

Undergraduate Lectures and Practical Courses at the University of Geneva Lectures for undergraduate students in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Bachelor and Master) totally or partially given by members of our laboratory

Laboratory coureaching activities Undergraduate Lectures and Practical Courses at the University of Geneva Lectures for undergraduate students in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Bachelor and Master) totally or partially given by members of our laboratory Laboratory cours for 3rd year Bachelor students in Pharmaceutical Sciences (assistants) Laboratory cours for Master students in Pharmaceutical Sciences (assistants) Diploma work Graduate Lectures and Practical Courses at the University of Geneva Lectures for the doctoral students in Pharmaceutical Sciences totally or partially given by members of our laboratorys for 3rd year Bachelor students in Pharmaceutical Sciences (assistants)

Laboratory cours for Master students in Pharmaceutical Sciences (assistants) Diploma work Graduate Lectures and Practical Courses at the University of Geneva Lectures for the doctoral students in Pharmaceutical Sciences totally or partially given by members of our laboratory.

Url: http://www.unige.ch/sciences/pharm/fasie/index.html

Written by najib

February 5th, 2015 at 5:32 am

Plant Database

without comments

About

The University of Connecticut has developed this site dedicated to the ornamental attributes, appropriate use and identification of landscape plants. This site is geared toward the teaching of landscape plants and contains valuable information for students, homeowners and plant professionals.

At the core of this site are plant information pages that contain text, photographs, illustrations and latin name pronounciations. The plants listed in this resource are meant to create an awareness of the great variety of ornamental plants that will grow in USDA hardiness zone 6 or colder, and to encourage people to think about planting a greater variety of ornamentals. Users should be aware that some plants listed are not readily available and may actually be difficult to find.

The interactive Plant Selector is available to allow users to search the University of Connecticut Plant Database to find trees, shrubs and vines which meet specific landscape situations and express particular ornamental traits.

The majority of images on the UConn Plant Database have been provided by Dr. Mark H. Brand, University of Connecticut. Others who have contributed photographs include: Dr. Edward Corbett, University of Connecticut; Dr. Glenn Dryer, Connecticut College Arboretum; Kimberly A. Mason, University of Connecticut; Jonathan M. Lehrer, University of Connecticut; Michael Harvey, Bartlett Arboretum; Dr. Mark Starrett, University of Vermont; Margaret Taylor, Storrs, CT; and the American Conifer Society.

Url : http://hort.uconn.edu/

Written by najib

January 27th, 2015 at 12:20 am

PlantGDB and Genome Annotation

without comments

About

The plantgdb.org web resource is currently being managed as part of an NSF-funded project (IOS-1126267) to develop robust genome annotation methods, tools, and standard training sets for the plethora of plant genomes currently or soon to be sequenced. Read more about the project here.

Previously, PlantGDB was developed under NSF grants IOS-0606909 and DBI-0110254 and DBI-0321600.

Project Objectives

The scale of sequence and other data accumulation in plant genomics is outstripping our ability effectively to annotate those genomes. The goal of this project is to develop novel, highly automated, scalable, comprehensive, and accurate approaches to genome annotation to address this problem. Project deliverables include (1) software that implements the novel prediction algorithms, (2) visualization and data access portals, and (3) a cyberinfrastructure environment implementation of the developed tools for distributed computing, sharing of protocols, and analysis provenance recording. In the long run, the project seeks to explore the extent to which genomic biology can transition from a largely descriptive to a highly predictive science driven by quantitative measurements, with algorithms and computation as the domain-adapted language. Read more about project goals and approaches.

Read the rest of this entry »

Written by najib

January 27th, 2015 at 12:13 am

Posted in Databases

Tagged with ,

The Philippine Herbs and Supplements Research Database

without comments

Philippine HerbThe Philippine Herbs and Supplements Research Database website was initially funded by the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Biotechnology Program. The site is a repository of researches on Philippine medicinal plants, as well as of studies on health supplements used in the country. It is hoped that the website will serve as a “one-stop site” for RESEARCHERS and other stakeholders with interest on Philippine herbs and supplements.

The site is currently divided under five (5) major divisions we believe will assist researchers embarking on a research topic on Philippine herbs and supplements, marked on the MAIN MENU bar as: 1) RESEARCH DATABANK; 2) RESEARCH TOOLS; 3) MONOGRAPHS & ADVISORIES; 4) BOOKS & REVIEWS; and 5) LINKS. Hovering the mouse cursor on a selected division expands it in a drop down menu selections. The categories of selections may be readjusted in future site enhancements and upgrades.

On the TOP LEFT portion of the site below the MAIN MENU bar is the site SEARCH button for searching of documents and related articles contained on the website databases corresponding to keywords entered in the space provided.  Read the rest of this entry »

Written by najib

November 30th, 2014 at 2:24 pm

American Journal of Ethnomedicine

without comments

American Journal of Ethnomedicine is an open access, peer-reviewed, bimonthly, online journal that aims to promote the exchange of original knowledge and research in any area of ethnomedicine.

American Journal of Ethnomedicine invites research articles and reviews based on original interdisciplinary studies on the inextricable relationships between human cultures and nature/universe, Traditional Environmental/Ecological Knowledge (TEK), folk and traditional medical knowledge, as well as the relevance of these for environmental and public health policies. American Journal of Ethnomedicine invites manuscripts and reviews based on original interdisciplinary research and studies worldwide on the inextricable relationships between human cultures and nature/universe, Traditional Environmental/Ecological Knowledge (TEK), folk and traditional medical knowledge, as well as the relevance of these for primary health care policies in developing countries. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by najib

June 16th, 2014 at 3:47 am

Pharmacological aspects of Nerium indicum Mill: A comprehensive review

without comments

Priyankar Dey, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri

Pharmacognosy Reviews 2014 8(16):156-162

Phytomedicine is the oldest medical practice known to man. Since the dawn of mankind, various plant resources are used to cure different diseases and also for a long and healthy life. The ancient knowledge of plant based medicine has transferred from generations to generations and accumulated as ethnopharmacological knowledge among different ethnic groups. India is the spanning bed of traditional phytomedicinal system where Ayurveda was born out of the knowledge of traditional medicine. In various other countries of South-Eastern Asia, South America, and in Arabian countries, still today, a great number of people rely primarily on phytomedicines to cure diseases. In the complementary and alternative medicinal systems, Nerium indicum is one such plant which is famed for its therapeutic efficiency in different diseases globally. In the present time, when the pharmaceutical companies are concentrating more toward the plant based traditional medicines to avoid the side-effects and resistance against synthetic drugs, N. indicum has proved its efficiency in different disease models. Therefore, this review comprehensively covers the medicinal and pharmacological activities of different parts of the plant N. indicum.

Written by Priyankar Dey

June 10th, 2014 at 12:00 am

Rubus fruticosus (blackberry) use as an herbal medicine

without comments

Rameshwar Verma, Tushar Gangrade, Rakesh Punasiya, Chetan Ghulaxe

Pharmacognosy Reviews 2014 8(16):101-104

Wild grown European blackberry Rubus fruticosus) plants are widespread in different parts of northern countries and have been extensively used in herbal medicine. The result show that European blackberry plants are used for herbal medicinal purpose such as antimicrobial, anticancer, antidysentery, antidiabetic, antidiarrheal, and also good antioxidant. Blackberry plant (R. fruticosus) contains tannins, gallic acid, villosin, and iron; fruit contains vitamin C, niacin (nicotinic acid), pectin, sugars, and anthocyanins and also contains of berries albumin, citric acid, malic acid, and pectin. Some selected physicochemical characteristics such as berry weight, protein, pH, total acidity, soluble solid, reducing sugar, vitamin C, total antioxidant capacity, antimicrobial screening of fruit, leaves, root, and stem of R. fruticosus, and total anthocyanins of four preselected wild grown European blackberry (R. fruticosus) fruits are investigated. Significant differences on most of the chemical content detect among the medicinal use. The highest protein content (2%), the genotypes with the antioxidant activity of standard butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) studies 85.07%. Different cultivars grown in same location consistently show differences in antioxidant capacity.

Written by Rameshwar Verma

June 10th, 2014 at 12:00 am

,